column

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column

 [kol´um]
an anatomical part or other structure that resembles a pillar.
anal c's vertical folds of mucous membrane at the upper half of the anal canal; called also rectal columns.
anterior column the anterior portion of the gray substance of the spinal cord, in transverse section seen as a horn.
gray column the longitudinally oriented parts of the spinal cord in which the nerve cell bodies are found, comprising the gray matter of the spinal cord.
lateral column the lateral portion of the gray substance of the spinal cord, in transverse section seen as a horn; present only in the thoracic and upper lumbar regions.
posterior column the posterior portion of the gray substance of the spinal cord, in transverse section seen as a horn.
rectal c's anal columns.
spinal column (vertebral column) spine (def. 2).

col·umn

(kol'ŭm), [TA] Do not confuse this word with collum. Avoid the mispronunciation kol'yum.
1. An anatomic part or structure in the form of a pillar or cylindric funiculus.
See also: fascicle.
2. A vertical object (usually cylindric), mass, or formation.
Synonym(s): columna [TA]
[L. columna]

column

(kŏl′əm)
n.
Anatomy Any of various tubular or pillarlike supporting structures in the body, each generally having a single tissue origin and function: the vertebral column.

col′umned (kŏl′əmd) adj.

col·umn

(kol'ŭm) [TA]
1. An anatomic part or structure in the form of a pillar or cylindric funiculus.
Synonym(s): columna [TA] .
2. A vertical object (usually cylindric), mass, or formation.
See also: fascicle
[L. columna ]

column

(kol'um) [L. columna, pillar]
A cylindrical supporting structure.

anal column

Vertical folds of the mucous membrane in the anal canal. Synonym: rectal column

anterior column

Ventral column.

column of Bertin

See: Bertin, Exupère

column of Burdach

See: Burdach, Karl

Clarke's column

See: Clarke, Jacob A.L.

dorsal column

The triangular (in cross-section) sector of white matter demarcated by the dorsal midline (the dorsal median sulcus) and the dorsal horn on each side of the spinal cord. The dorsal column is a large bundle of ipsilateral primary sensory axons.
Synonym: dorsal funiculus; posterior column 2

column of fornix

Either of two arched bands of fibers that form the anterior body of the fornix. The fibers lead to the mammillary body.

column of Goll

See: Goll, Friedrich

gray column

Gray matter in the anterior and posterior horns of the spinal cord.

intermediolateral cell column

Lateral horn.

lateral column

1. A column in the lateral portion of the gray matter of the spinal cord. It contains cell bodies of preganglionic neurons of the sympathetic nervous system.
2. The triangular (in cross-section) sector of white matter demarcated by the dorsal and ventral horns on each side of the spinal cord. The lateral column contains axons of neurons with cell bodies inside the brain or spinal cord, not axons from the dorsal root ganglia. Synonym: lateral funiculus
3. The articulation in the midfoot between the fourth and fifth metatarsal bones and the cuboid.

motorcolumn

In the brainstem and spinal cord, a group of functionally analogous motor nuclei that are aligned longitudinally and that occupy a stereotyped position in cross-sections. The three motor columns, which run in the medial and ventral quadrants of the brainstem and spinal cord, comprise the branchial motor column (the nucleus ambiguus, the facial motor nucleus, and the trigeminal motor nucleus), the somatic motor column (the ventral horns of the spinal cord and the hypoglossal, abducens, trochlear, and oculomotor nuclei), and the visceral motor column (the lateral horns of the spinal cord and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, the salivatory nucleus, and the Edinger-Westphal nucleus).

posterior column

1. The posterior horn of the gray matter of the spinal cord. It consists of an expanded portion or caput connected by a narrower cervix to the main portion of the gray matter.
2. Dorsal column.

rectal column

Anal column.

renal column

Cortical material of the kidney that extends centrally, separating the pyramids.

sensorycolumn

In the brainstem and spinal cord, a group of functionally analogous secondary sensory nuclei that are aligned longitudinally and that occupy a stereotyped position in cross-sections. The three sensory columns, which run in the lateral and dorsal quadrants of the brainstem and spinal cord, comprise the general somatic sensory column (the dorsal horns of the spinal cord and the mesencephalic, principal sensory, and spinal trigeminal nuclei), the special somatic sensory column (the cochlear and vestibular nuclei), and the visceral sensory column (the nucleus of the solitary tract).

spinal column

Vertebral column.

ventral column

The triangular (in cross-section) sector of white matter demarcated by the ventral horn and the ventral midline (the ventral median fissure) on each side of the spinal cord. The ventral column contains axons of neurons with cell bodies inside the brain or spinal cord, not axons from the dorsal root ganglia.
Synonym: anterior column; ventral funiculus
Enlarge picture
VERTEBRAL COLUMN

vertebral column

The portion of the axial skeleton consisting of vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, the sacrum, and the coccyx) joined together by intervertebral disks and fibrous tissue. It forms the main supporting axis of the body, encloses and protects the spinal cord, and attaches the appendicular skeleton and muscles for moving the various body parts.
Synonym: spinal column See: illustration

Patient discussion about column

Q. where can you find the biofeedback device shown in Dr. Liponis' column in Parade magazine on 12/14/08 I need to know where you canpourchase the biofeedback device and where you can get instructions on its use

A. if you ask me- before buying any new device, it might be a good idea to try it. go to couple of sessions with a certified therapist. see if you react well and then buy a machine. i'm sure he can recommend certain brands and what to avoid.

Q. Where is Dr. Rosenfelds weekly column in Parade??? His advice is surely missed!

A. I am not aware of the reason why Dr. Rosenfeld's weekly column is missing. Perhaps the best thing would be to contact Parade magazine with this question.. www.parade.com

More discussions about column
References in periodicals archive ?
The entablature on the columned building depicted in Room VII seems an unlikely architectural feature and is therefore difficult to explain.
Of the 4 formats presented to the participants, columned formats were preferred to left-justified formats (P < .001), regardless of capitalization in either the RDE or the response (Figure 3).
The lesion in the patient in study was different: it was a huge, dissociated, columned mass covered with normal mucosa and locally attached with a stem to the posterior wall of the superior segment of the oesophagus.
Hirsch ends his book with a number of photographs: of a standard columned and pediment-fronted American school of the twenties or thirties, of the grand-columned building of the New York State Education Department.
The bodies of the first couple are to lie in state in closed coffins in the Columned Hall of the Presidential Palace, where the president appointed governments.
The sitting room once again has exposed beamed ceiling, brick and stone recessed fireplace with multi fuel stove on a slate hearth, antique figured cast iron columned radiator and sash window to the front.
Prior to this exhibition, I tended to regard Nevelson's boxed assemblages and columned towers as easy wins by virtue of the fact that all discrepant or discordant surfaces (that is, the original colors and textures of the wooden elements she selected) were unified by being painted over in a signature dusty matte black or in white.
Also missing are rounded tops to the dome's towers, which were taken down in the 1960s, and wing columned arcades which were used as tea galleries.
The square in front of the central columned entrance hall with the illuminated tetrapylon is visible from some distance.
Family and friends gathered in the courtyard to witness the couple exchange their vows beneath the columned veranda.
The New York Stock Exchange's columned neo-Classical building is as instantly recognizable as the ceremonial ringing of the opening and closing bells, its floor brokers the embodiment of the frenzied pace of the market.
The three pages (each double columned) devoted to the battle are typical of the book, with an appropriate description of the political background, a description of the terrain and the forces available, an account of the fighting, and mention of the casualties, a map of the fighting in Dublin, and a discussion of the consequences.