epithelium

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epithelium

 [ep″ĭ-the´le-um] (pl. epithe´lia) (Gr.)
the cellular covering of internal and external surfaces of the body, including the lining of vessels and other small cavities. It consists of cells joined by small amounts of cementing substances. Epithelium is classified into types on the basis of the number of layers deep and the shape of the superficial cells.
ciliated epithelium epithelium bearing vibratile, hairlike processes (cilia) on its free surface.
columnar epithelium epithelium whose cells are of much greater height than width.
cuboidal epithelium epithelium whose cells are of approximately the same height and width, and appear square in transverse section.
germinal epithelium thickened peritoneal epithelium covering the gonad from earliest development; formerly thought to give rise to germ cells.
glandular epithelium that composed of secreting cells.
pigmentary epithelium (pigmented epithelium) that made of cells containing granules of pigment.
sense epithelium (sensory epithelium) neuroepithelium (def. 1).
simple epithelium that composed of a single layer of cells.
squamous epithelium that composed of flattened platelike cells.
stratified epithelium epithelium made up of cells arranged in layers.
transitional epithelium a type characteristically found lining hollow organs, such as the urinary bladder, that are subject to great mechanical change due to contraction and distention; originally thought to represent a transition between stratified squamous and columnar epithelium.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ep·i·the·li·um

, pl.

ep·i·the·li·a

(ep'i-thē'lē-ŭm, -ă), [TA]
The purely cellular avascular layer covering all free surfaces, cutaneous, mucous, and serous, including the glands and other structures derived therefrom.
[G. epi, upon, + thēlē, nipple, a term applied originally to the thin skin covering the nipples and the papillary layer of the border of the lips]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

epithelium

(ĕp′ə-thē′lē-əm)
n. pl. epithe·lia (-lē-ə) or epithe·liums
Membranous tissue composed of one or more layers of cells separated by very little intercellular substance and forming the covering of most internal and external surfaces of the body and its organs.

ep′i·the′li·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ep·i·the·li·um

, pl. epithelia (ep'i-thē'lē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The purely cellular avascular layer covering all the free surfaces, cutaneous, mucous, and serous, including the glands and other structures derived therefrom.
[G. epi, upon, + thēlē, nipple, a term applied originally to the thin skin covering the nipples and the papillary layer of the border of the lips]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

epithelium

(ep?i-the'le-um) ('le-a) plural.epithelia [ epi- + Gr. thele, nipple, teat + -ium (2)]
Enlarge picture
GLANDULAR EPITHELIUM: (Orig. mag. ×430)
The layer of cells forming the epidermis of the skin and the surface layer of mucous and serous membranes. The cells rest on a basement membrane and lie in close approximation with little intercellular material between them. They are devoid of blood vessels. The epithelium may be simple, consisting of a single layer, or stratified, consisting of several layers. Cells making up the epithelium may be flat (squamous), cube-shaped (cuboidal), or cylindrical (columnar). Modified forms of epithelium include ciliated, pseudostratified, glandular, and neuroepithelium. The epithelium may include goblet cells, which secrete mucus. Stratified squamous epithelium may be keratinized for a protective function or abnormally keratinized in pathological response. Squamous epithelium is classified as endothelium, which lines the blood vessels and the heart, and mesothelium, which lines the serous cavities. Epithelium serves the general functions of protection, absorption, and secretion, and specialized functions such as movement of substances through ducts, production of germ cells, and reception of stimuli. Its ability to regenerate is excellent; it may replace itself as frequently as every 24 hr. See: illustration; skinepithelial (-al), adjective

ciliated epithelium

Epithelium with hairlike processes on the surface that wave actively only in one direction. This type is present in the respiratory tract and fallopian tubes.

columnar epithelium

Epithelium composed of cylindrical cells.

cuboidal epithelium

Epithelium consisting of cube-shaped or prismatic cells with height about equal to their width.

germinal epithelium

1. Epithelium that covers the surface of the genital ridge of the urogenital folds of an embryo. It gives rise to the seminiferous tubules of the testes and the surface layer of the ovary. It was once thought to produce the germ cells (spermatozoa and ova).
2. The epithelium that covers the surface of a mature mammalian ovary.

glandular epithelium

Epithelium consisting of secretory cells.

junctional epithelium

A band of nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium that attaches both to the gingiva (on one side) and the crown of the tooth (on the other). Synonym: epithelial attachment; gingival cuff

laminated epithelium

Stratified epithelium.

mesenchymal epithelium

Squamous epithelium that lines the subarachnoid and subdural cavities, the chambers of the eye, and the perilymphatic spaces of the ear.

pavement epithelium

Epithelium consisting of flat, platelike cells in a single layer.

pigmented epithelium

Epithelium containing pigment granules.

pseudostratified epithelium

Epithelium in which the bases of cells rest on the basement membrane but the distal ends of some do not reach the surface. Their nuclei lie at different levels, giving the appearance of stratification.

reduced enamel epithelium

Combined epithelial layers of the enamel organ, which form a protective layer over the enamel crown as it erupts and then become the primary epithelial attachment surrounding the tooth.

squamous epithelium

The flat form of epithelial cells.

stratified epithelium

Epithelium with the cells in layers; mitosis takes place in the lowest layer. Synonym: laminated epithelium

sulcular epithelium

The nonkeratinized epithelium that lines the gingival sulcus.

transitional epithelium

A form of stratified epithelium in which the cuboidal cells adjust to mechanical changes such as stretching and recoiling. This type of tissue is found only in the urinary system (renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, and a part of the urethra).
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

epithelium

The non-stick coating cell layer for all surfaces of the body except the insides of blood and lymph vessels. Epithelium may be single-layered, or ‘stratified’ and in several layers, with the cells becoming flatter and more scaly towards the surface, as in the skin. It may be covered with fine wafting hair-like structures (cilia), as in the respiratory tract, and it may contain mucus-secreting ‘goblet’ cells. See also ENDOTHELIUM and EPIDERMIS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Epithelium (1)click for a larger image
Fig. 153 Epithelium (1) . Types of epithelium.

epithelium

  1. (in animals) a layer of covering cells lying on a basement membrane that is called simple epithelium when one cell thick and compound epithelium when several cells thick, and usually covers connective tissue embryologically derived from the ECTODERM. The cells sometimes have a secretory function and are held together by a cementing substance to form a sheet. Their shape gives rise to names descriptive of the cells, e.g. columnar, cubical, squamous (see Fig. 153 ). Where the epithelium is more than one cell thick it is described as stratified. Similar cells can be derived from MESODERM and are referred to as mesothelium when lining the COELOM, and as ENDOTHELIUM when lining blood vessels.
  2. (in plants) a layer of cells lining cavities and secretory canals, for example, resin canals.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Epithelium

Cells composing the lining of an organ.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ep·i·the·li·um

, pl. epithelia (ep'i-thē'lē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The purely cellular avascular layer covering all free surfaces, cutaneous, mucous, and serous, including the glands and other structures derived therefrom.
[G. epi, upon, + thēlē, nipple, a term applied originally to the thin skin covering the nipples and the papillary layer of the border of the lips]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Secondary ducts are lined by simple columnar epithelial cells that have a microvillus border and show apocrine secretion.
Seminiferous tubules supply ducts (vas deferens) lined by ciliated simple columnar epithelial cells. These may become engorged with spermatozoa during spermatogenesis and may be lost during rest.
At the boundary between these large posterior cells and the columnar epithelial cells with short cilia lie the pigmented cells bearing the long cilia (Fig.
Columnar epithelial cells were generally eosinophilic.
Saroufeem et al mention that the columnar epithelial cells of their polyp were generally eosinophilic with well-polarized, elongated nuclei with a distinct brush border.
The luminal surface area of columnar epithelial cells was estimated by measuring the cell diameters of luminal plasma membranes from scanning electron micrographs.
Columnar epithelial cells had a prominent, basally located pleomorphic nucleus and exceptionally large and abundant secondary lysosomes (Figs.
The medical technologist prepared a wet mount of the specimen to determine if an adequate number of columnar epithelial cells were present.
The thin outer layer of squamous cells devoid of nurse cells becomes thicker, consisting of columnar epithelial cells and large numbers of interstitial cells [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURES 27 AND 28 OMITTED].
Prostatic epithelial proliferations and florid cystitis glandularis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of urine samples containing columnar epithelial cells. Immunocytochemical stains for PSA and/or PAP may be helpful in characterizing prostatic epithelium when fresh urine is available for staining.