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SCC malformations are mostly reported in congenital syndromes with multiple deformities such as coloboma, heart defects, atresia choanae, growth retardation, genital abnormalities, and ear abnormalities syndrome.
Moreover, it was observed that baby was facing difficulty in breathing with nose, chest was retracted when the child was breathing through mouth or crying and furthermore there was slight evidence of coloboma of eyes was noticed.
Conclusion: Pars plana vitrectomy along with silicon oil tamponade for retinal detachment related to choroi- retinal coloboma improves the long-term anatomical outcome however no significant improvement in visual acuity was observed.
In a study (11) by Shah et al to determine the structural abnormalities in patients with anophthalmos, coloboma and microphthalmos, 32.
Comprehensive ophthalmologic examination of 29 infants with microcephaly, presumed caused by congenital ZV infection, revealed 10 (35%) had abnormalities, which included focal pigment mottling, chorioretinal atrophy, hypoplasia and cupping of optic disk, loss of foveal reflex, macular atrophy, lens subluxation, and coloboma of iris.
Orbita: distopia orbitaria (mala posicion), dermoides epibulbares, anoftalmia/microftalmia, blefaroptosis, coloboma retinal o coroidal, entre otras anomalias menos frecuentes.
Both parties are working together to treat Salma Mustafa Asaad, who was born with two-thirds of her left eyelid missing, due to a rare condition called congenital eyelid coloboma.
Disorders less frequently seen in clinical practice - such as uveal coloboma, Coats disease, and rare tumors - are included in its comprehensive coverage.
Non-retinal lesions included angiofibroma in the eyelid in 39 patients, non-paralytic strabismus in 5 patients, coloboma in three patients and depigmentation of the iris in 2 patients (12).
Differential diagnosis includes malformations affecting the anterior segment of the eye (Rieger type I syndrome and Peters syndrome), iris coloboma, albinism (oculocutaneous or ocular), and the Gillespie syndrome.
These are: C: Coloboma of the eye, central nervous system anomalies; H: Heart defects; A: Atresia of the choanae R: Retardation of growth and/or development G: Genital and/or urinary defects (Hypogonadism) E: Ear anomalies and/or deafness.
CHARGE: Coloboma of the eye, Heart defects, Atresia of the choanae, severe Retardation of growth and development, Genital abnormalities, and Ear abnormalities