collodion baby


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Related to collodion baby: ichthyosis

baby

 [ba´be]
blue baby an infant born with cyanosis, a bluish color due to abnormally low concentration of oxygen in the circulating blood, usually due to one or more defect(s) of the heart or great vessels. See also congenital heart defect.
collodion baby an infant affected with lamellar exfoliation of the newborn.
baby Doe legislation a law that requires health care providers to provide treatment for severely handicapped newborns except when death appears inevitable, when treatment merely prolongs inevitable death, or when treatment is so futile as to be inhumane. The 1984 regulations give broader discretion to providers and parents than the original bill and carry out provisions of the Child Abuse Prevention Amendments of 1984.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

col·lo·di·on ba·by

[MIM*146600]
a newborn child with lamellar ichthyosis; at birth, the skin is bright red, shiny, translucent, and drawn tight, giving a distorted appearance (as if having been painted with collodion) of immobilization of the face; contraction of the skin causes ectropion, a pressed down appearance of the nose, and a gaping of the mouth and the labia; autosomal dominant inheritance.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
An infant covered with thickened, taut, parchment paper-like skin that is cyclically shed as a manifestation of lamellar ichthyosis—an autosomal recessive condition [MIM 242300] seen in 75% of such babies; the tightened skin results in a flattened nose, ectropion, fixation of the lips into an O-shape, ‘cracking’ of brittle skin with respiratory effort; the scaling of the skin is most prominent in the flexures of extremities; hair may be absent or may penetrate the ‘parchment’
Prognosis Uncertain
Management High humidity
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Expedient treatment of a collodion baby. Case Rep Dermatol Med.
The collodion baby usually has a transglutaminase 1 gene mutation, which can cause either lamellar ichthyosis or congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma.
1) The term collodion baby is used for newborns in whom all the body surface is covered by thick skin sheets called "collodion membrane" of which lamellar ichthyosis is the most common underlying cause.