Young generations who live in these cities, cannot understand the collective memories
through their surroundings (Siew-wailim 2000).
In this juxtaposition, Jermolaewa suggests that collective memories
crystallize around Histories big and small; more important, she implies that monuments and spaces of common culture do not speak for themselves--no matter how grandiose the state ideology may be--but must be interpreted by individuals who are generally more interested in living their everyday lives.
It is clear from this example that the physical presence (and/or absence) of memory-objects in specific heritage sites helps to produce a range of collective memories
, and that the transnational network of elements buttressing each of those memories complicates the politics of those memories.
Therefore we may understand memory-governed regime transition as either thick or thin, based on the complexity or scarcity of meaning assigned to change as disputed between narratives emerging from collective memories
. Thickness lies with sense-making and understanding-driven processes, whereas thinness lies with moving away from the past, less internal contradiction and competition, but also less meaning-charged direction of change.
Vatican II moved this question to the center of attention, since it set itself to "revising" the church's collective memories
and changing various practices in the light of that revision.
It seems that in the situation of the multitude of European collective memories
and profound differences in the interpretation of historical events (the best example being the Second World War, the role of Nazism and Stalinism or Holocaust), effective strategy to seek consensus in the scientific, public and political discourses on memory is to investigate collective memories
at their local, regional and interregional levels in order to seek commonalities and discussing the differences.
Berger, the son and nephew of survivors, acknowledges that his authentic (in the Halbwachsian sense) collective memories
of the Holocaust strongly influenced the course of his research (2012, ix).
Personal and collective memories
combine to form this novel's foundations.
From collective memories
to intercultural exchanges.
Characterizing collective memories
as "floating" elements, Lim explores historical responsibility and solution such as keeping a veil of silence on what was considered a shameful past.
In light of the sources from which the different generations of Spaniards acquired knowledge about their history and the way in which their national identity and collective memories
were forged, it is normal that different sections of Spanish society have some distrust to and dislike of Moroccans.
Part two asks "How Do Memories Construct Our Past?"; part three moves to "How Do We Build Shared Collective Memories
?" Part four, the only section that contains contributions by historians, is entitled "How Does Memory Shape History?" The final section explores the linkages between individual and collective memory: "How Does Memory Shape Culture?" Without fail the essays are fascinating, well written, and accessible, and the volume develops its arguments in part because the essays are remarkably well integrated and build on one another.