Liu et al., "Interleukin-21 promotes the development of ulcerative colitis and regulates the proliferation and secretion of follicular T helper cells in the colitides
microenvironment," Molecular Medicine Reports, vol.
M'Koma, "Characterization of serum cytokine profile in predominantly colonic inflammatory bowel disease to delineate ulcerative and Crohn's colitides
," Clinical Medicine Insights: Gastroenterology, vol.
(12-14) The "target" sign can also be seen in patients with IBD, other infectious colitides
, vascular disorders, and patients with portal hypertension.
Interleukin21 promotes the development of ulcerative colitis and regulates the proliferation and secretion of follicular T helper cells in the colitides
Microscopic characteristics of colon biopsies help differentiate IC from CDI-associated colitis and other colitides
. One prior study showed that the presence of a hyalinized lamina propria in pseudomembranous colitis was both a sensitive and a specific marker for IC .
In fact, in nonspecific colitides
, such as infectious colitis and diverticulitis, ST2 appears to be upregulated in both the epithelial and immune compartments of gut mucosa .
difficile-associated colitis, ischaemic colitis, bacterial and viral colitides
, parasitosis and surgical pathologies should be differentiated.3,4
It was originally felt to be a specific CT finding for Clostridium difficile-induced pseudomembranous colitis, but it has also been described with colitides
of differing etiologies.
Gastral antral biopsy in the differentiation of pediatric colitides
. Am J Gastroenterol., 98(3): 557-61.
Study indications were grouped into the following categories: screening, surveillance, gastrointestinal bleeding, change in bowel habit, colitides
, pain, or miscellaneous.
A special type of infectious colitis is pseudomembranous colitis following antibiotics use, or previously called antibiotics colitis." Pseudomembranous colitis is a descriptive term for colitides
defined by the presence of pseudomembranes on the colonic or, rarely, small intestinal mucosa.
However, indolent colitides
caused by infectious agents, such as Entamoeba histolytica and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB), may resemble IBD by their well-developed chronicity and granuloma (in ITB).