Molecular and cellular interactions of HIV-1/HTLV coinfection
and impact on AIDS progression.
Analyses were also stratified by sex to evaluate possible effect modification: among men, older age (OR 2.57; 95% CI 2.17-3.04), dyslipidemia (OR 1.56; 95% CI 2.17-3.04), viral suppression (OR 2.05; 95% CI 1.47-2.84), each additional year of exposure to tenofovir disoproxil-fumarate (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.05-1.11), and coinfection
with hepatitis B (OR 1.48; 95% CI 1.01-2.17) remained independently associated with increased risk for mild renal impairment, whereas coinfection
with hepatitis C (OR 0.74; 95% CI 0.57-0.95) was related to a lower risk for this event.
tuberculosis, and CMV coinfection
by reporting a case of tuberculosis in the ileocecal valve and descending colon and cytomegalovirus in the esophagus and descending colon, as well as with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
One hundred seventy-five throat swab specimens positive for any influenza virus were tested to identify coinfection
with other possible etiology of ARI.
The following differential equations were obtained from the flowchart diagram of the coinfection
model in Figure 1:
involving hookworms and Plasmodium falciparum has been reported to have additive impacts on haemoglobin by increasing the susceptibility to P.
Although HIV and TB among pregnant women have been studied separately, the impact of HIV-TB coinfection
among affected mothers remains poorly defined or understood.
However, syphilis coinfection
with other infections in pregnant women is not common.
Due to this atypical presentation and the patient's coinfection
of HIV, emergent and opportunistic diagnoses needed to be ruled out first with MRI and a CD4 count.
Management of Patients with HDV Infection Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients should be screened for blood-borne viruses including HDV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), HAV; i.e., HDV is often predominant virus in chronic HBV and HDV coinfection
. Currently, pegylated interferon alpha (PegIFNa) for [greater than or equal to]48 weeks is the only available agent to have antiviral activity against chronic HDV infection.
Tuberculosis (TB)  is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in people with HIV coinfection
. Although TB is typically a treatable disease, cases of multidrug resistant TB (MDR-TB) that are resistant to the first-line drugs rifampin and isoniazid have emerged in recent years, presumably due to inadequate treatment or subtherapeutic drug concentrations.
"Quantifying the effect of HSV-2 infection on HIV acquisition has important public health implications, particularly in high-prevalence settings where coinfection
is common, because prevention of HSV-2 infection ...