cognitive reserve


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cognitive reserve

The extent to which the brain can sustain damage, as from Alzheimer's disease, stroke, alcohol overuse and head injury, without affecting intellectual capacity. It has been shown that people with high literacy, educational levels and IQ will tend to have a higher cognitive reserve than the average. It is believed that the cognitive reserve can be sustained by life-long serious mental activity and the maintenance of physical fitness.
References in periodicals archive ?
They say that numerous findings have suggested that frequent social contact can protect the brain, either by helping to build a "cognitive reserve," or by reducing stress and promoting more healthful behaviors.
"These findings may suggest that more frequent social contact during early and midlife builds a cognitive reserve that is maintained and confers later protection," the authors write.
She added: "People who are socially engaged are exercising cognitive skills such as memory and language, which may help develop cognitive reserve.
"People who are socially engaged are exercising cognitive skills such as memory and language, which may help them to develop cognitive reserve while it may not stop their brains from changing, cognitive reserve could help people cope better with the effects of age and delay any symptoms of dementia," said senior author Professor Gill Livingston.
(5 )Scientists hypothesize that the reduced risk of dementia is due partially to increased cognitive reserve that can result from studying a musical instrument.
Lydia Gimenez-Llort emphasised that '...education augments the cognitive reserve of individuals, and this favors brain neuroplasticity and functional development'.
Previous work has concluded that variations in cholinergic basal forebrain (ChBF) atrophy influences the degree of cognitive reserve, (i.e.
Research suggests that engaging in mentally stimulating activities builds your cognitive reserve, your ability to withstand adverse brain changes before you have symptoms.
Perhaps the etiological process of the psychotic picture of these patients is different, with FEPs who use cannabis and develop psychosis representing a group of patients with less damage at the neurodevelopmental level, and, therefore, a greater cognitive reserve than other psychotic patients (Cunha et al., 2013).
The idea is that education tends to fortify a person's cognitive reserve, which may help protect against dementia down the road.
Nineteen percent of AD cases worldwide and 7% in the United States, can be attributed to low educational attainment, which is associated with low brain cognitive reserve. (5) Cognitive resilience in later life may be enhanced by building brain reserves through intellectual stimulation, which affects neuronal branching and plasticity.
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