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the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


/cog·ni·tion/ (kog-nish´un) that operation of the mind process by which we become aware of objects of thought and perception, including all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering.cog´nitive


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.


Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know
the mental process characterized by knowing, thinking, learning, understanding, and judging. Compare conation. cognitive, adj.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the ability to execute complex mental processes. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.


the psychological processes by which individuals acquire and process information, generally applied to thought processes and memory. cognitive psychology the branch of psychology concerned with the study of cognition.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]

cognition (cognish´ən),

n the higher mental processes, including understanding, reasoning, knowledge, and intellectual capacity.

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
References in periodicals archive ?
While a cognitive process refers to how one develops "good reasons" that others may be trusted, affective response refers to the "emotional bonds" of trust that exist between parties, which may eventually provide the basis for trust (Lewis and Weigert, 1985; McAllister, 1995).
It is in large part the leader's natural ability to use a cognitive process to analyze the situation, generate options, apply combat power and overcome threats to instability while imbuing in his/ her Soldiers rationality for doing so.
By contrast, cognitive process preferences are patterns of perceiving and interpreting the value of information that directly affect the actions chosen by managers and the learning that managers derive from the outcomes of their actions.
Conclusions about a student's cognitive process that cannot be assessed directly can be assessed through various methods, including observations, interviews, open-ended tasks, extended problem situations, and portfolios.
Ultimately, we examined students' psychological and cognitive process through their writings with elements of their crisis descriptions.
This is a highly creative cognitive process," she said.
of Calgary) authored four of the papers himself, describing a cognitive informatics reference model of autonomous agent systems, the cognitive processes behind space and time perception, visual information processing in the brain, and the cognitive process of creation.
The nicotine is expected to serve a dual purpose of easing the smoker's cravings as well as enhancing the cognitive process by which the smoker learns not to smoke.
Although people cannot control the cognitive process through which their cultural lens becomes activated, they can control the conditions that ultimately determine whether culture will kick in.
EHR developers should work with customers to build products that document integrated care episodes in a manner that supports and does not impede the clinical cognitive process as well as the patient experience.
To achieve this, Rowlands must provide criteria that constitute sufficient conditions for a cognitive process.
As describing whether a cognitive process was present or not was insufficient as an evaluation of think-aloud scenario responses, a four-point Likert-type rating scale was developed to rate students on their nursing diagnosis, conclusions, and evaluations.

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