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the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


/cog·ni·tion/ (kog-nish´un) that operation of the mind process by which we become aware of objects of thought and perception, including all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering.cog´nitive


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.


Etymology: L, cognoscere, to know
the mental process characterized by knowing, thinking, learning, understanding, and judging. Compare conation. cognitive, adj.


a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as the ability to execute complex mental processes. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.


the psychological processes by which individuals acquire and process information, generally applied to thought processes and memory. cognitive psychology the branch of psychology concerned with the study of cognition.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]

cognition (cognish´ən),

n the higher mental processes, including understanding, reasoning, knowledge, and intellectual capacity.

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
References in periodicals archive ?
This kind of cognitive process is divided into three sub-categories, namely, connectors, comparative/superlative forms, negative forms, negative affixes, and lexicon showing "contfrast, difference, and their synonyms.
The cognitive process theory of writing (Flower & Hayes, 1981), social cognitive theory of writing (Flower, 1994), and sociocultural theory of writing (Prior, 1994) emerged as the most prominent writing theories of the last three decades.
To facilitate the process of analysis, cognitive process maps were constructed to aggregate and display data.
To account for the better performance of expert information analysts in understanding and specifying information requirements, the research on cognitive process has focused on the differences in the modeling behaviors between expert and novice information analysts.
Hope, however, is not only a goal-directed cognitive process.
Beyond attribution theory: Cognitive process in performance appraisal.
Such analysis is neutral as to whether some extracranial item may count as part of the cognitive process.
The Revised Bloom's Taxonomy Table Cognitive Process Dimension Knowledge Dimension Remember Understand Apply Analyze Evaluate Create Factual Conceptual Procedural Metacognitive Source: Anderson et al.
Anderson, Krathwohl, Airasian, Cruikshank, Mayer, Pintrich, Raths, & Wittrock (2001) revised Bloom's taxonomy into a two-dimensional framework: a Knowledge dimension and a Cognitive Process dimension.
On the other hand, all of those engaged in postshooting analyses have the ability to analyze the officers' beh aviors in rational-mode thinking, a different cognitive process altogether and a luxury that the officers did not have during the shootings.
Whatever the underlying mechanism, these results are strong evidence that neuronal [pulse] synchrony correlates with a cognitive process, namely, shifting of the attentional focus," assert Emilio Salinas of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif.
Unlike hearing, which is a physiological passive activity, listening is an active cognitive process.

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