(redirected from cognitive process)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
References in periodicals archive ?
Problem solving and decision-making are cognitive processes that are very close to reasoning in the current state of human/computer capabilities.
classified forms and levels of learning based on cognitive processes undertaken by learners during their construction of knowledge.
The result was a challenging task that required teachers to construct a coherent account from different pieces of information, and thus elicited the use of the core cognitive processes that were outlined by the process model presented above.
The researchers conclude that both Reky and Ina successfully use contrast cognitive process in their EFL writing.
Eye-tracking research is built on the foundation of the eye-mind hypothesis, such that we assume a person's eye gaze indicates where their attention is and what is at the "top of the stack" of their cognitive processes (Just and Carpenter 1976).
For writing research to be applicable in the 21st century, vigorous empirical research must be conducted because empirical research that investigates writing as a cognitive process guided by social context is limited (Prior, 2006).Therefore, more empirically sound writing theories that are exclusive to certain social contexts, such as the discourse communities within agriculture, should be developed to better understand writing as a cognitive process in specific social contexts.
Since the cognitive processes that support comprehension have neuronal support, it is currently agreed that text comprehension entails specific neurocognitive components (see, Baretta, Tomitch, MacNair, Lim, & Waldie, 2009; Deen & McCarthy, 2010).
The cognitive process map in Figure 6 summarises the informal conversation between Jill and the researcher when she was working on her food project.
To account for the better performance of expert information analysts in understanding and specifying information requirements, the research on cognitive process has focused on the differences in the modeling behaviors between expert and novice information analysts.
Meaningful learning requires that instruction go from simple presentation of factual knowledge to building and transfer of the knowledge and cognitive processes needed for successful problem solving (Anderson & Krathwohl, 2001).
This omission in practice is worthy of reconsideration in light of a rapidly growing body of research that provides an understanding of how underlying cognitive processes are related to academic functioning as well as the difficulties children with learning disabilities tend to experience with them (Semrud-Clikeman, 2005).
The review and reaction phase, like the review process delineated in Flower and Hayes' (1981) Cognitive Process Theory, emphasized two sub-processes, evaluation and revision.

Full browser ?