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Related to cognitions: Cognitive processing


the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
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References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, understanding which are the most common contents of the sexual cognitions of both men and women who have experienced sexual abuse and what affect is associated to such cognitions is likely to reveal important information that can help improve their guidance in a therapeutic setting.
If later you confirm that there is a mosquito in the room either from having inferred it from the sound or from actually having seen this insect, then the second moment in the stream of continuity of such a confirmation is an example of this third type of subsequent cognition. Also in this category are all cognitions of remembering something, including their first moment.
Malhotra (2005) reviewed affect-cognition interaction research and suggested that cognition was more likely to dominate attitudes if processing resources in attitude formation were high.
333-82) Watson translates and explains Ramakantha's defense of the claim that cognition of objects is not, as most other schools of Indian philosophy claim, momentary and changing, but permanent and unchanging.
Thus, according to the expert information processing theory explanation, entrepreneurs are experts in the entrepreneurial domain who possess and can acquire through deliberate practice (e.g., see Baron & Henry, 2006; Mitchell, 2005; Mitchell & Chesteen, 1995) entrepreneurial cognitions: scripts or knowledge structures that enable them to use information significantly better than nonexperts/ nonentrepreneurs--i.e., at [greater than or equal to] 2 standard deviations above the mean in the population at large (Ericsson, Krampe, & Tesch-Romer, 1993; Glaser, 1984; Leddo & Abelson, 1986; Lord & Maher, 1990; Mitchell et al., 2000; Read, 1987).
First, in its simplest form, dissonance increases as the degree of discrepancy among cognitions increases.
Shared cognition and participation in small groups: Similarity of member prototypes.
The second area of emphasis is determinants or antecedents of health-related cognitions (beliefs, attitudes, values, modes of thinking, decision-making styles).
In the context of the participatory approach for planning and problem solving which puts into use the knowledge and skills of those who are critical participants, the concept of social cognition is of paramount importance.
Second, it delineates roles for the teacher and the learner, thereby providing a model of cognition that can be utilized for instruction: teaching is presented as a process of eliciting knowledge from rather than presenting knowledge to the leaner.

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