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the act or process of knowing, perceiving, or remembering. adj., adj cog´nitive.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


1. The mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.
2. That which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.

cog·ni′tion·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

mini-mental test

Neurology A brief clinical test of mental status, where each correct answer in a series of questions is given one point–total score 30
Mini-mental test
Orientation in time: Year, season, month, date, day–total 5 points–pts
Orientation in space Country, state, county, town, place, hospital ward–5 pts
Cognition Serial 7s–x 5 or spell world backwards–5 pts
Short recall Name 3 objects–total 3 pts
Memory Rename 3 above objects–3 pts
Follow a three-part command Take a paper, fold it, put it on the floor–3 pts
Common object recognition Name 2 familiar objects–2 pts
Recognition of common phrase 'No ifs, ands, or buts'–1 pt
Read and obey 'Close your eyes'–1 pt
Write simple sentence–1 pt
Copy drawing Intersecting pentagons–1 pt
A change in mental status and a score > 27 points is most often associated with affective depression; depressed Pts with cognitive impairment have scores of ± 20, those with true dementia often have scores of < 10 J Psych Res 1975; 12:189
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge.
[L. cognitio]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


The mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning and possibly intuition.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


The act or process of knowing or perceiving.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Generic term embracing mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
[L. cognitio]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about cognition

Q. What is cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of depression? What is it all about? Please explain? Could someone who has actually had this explain what it is all about. I don't want to get a copy and paste answer from a web page somewhere, just a simple explanation in plain simple terms that I could relate to.

A. You mention "for example thoughts of worthlessness"

Could anyone identify other examples of these types of thoughts?

I struggle the most with guilt and shame.

What others think of me being a recovering alcoholic, someone who has depression, having a son who has been in a penitentiary several times.

What can anyone really do about these thoughts anyway. I have not come up with anything that works except to offer them all back up to God and let them all go.

What else could a professional come up that is any better than that? I would really like to know. Otherwise, what good would it really do?

More discussions about cognition
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References in periodicals archive ?
(10) In 1974 Lonergan remarks that his cognitional theory in Insight "was an intentionality analysis and not properly a faculty psychology" but that the "ulterior implications" of the new approach were hot yet adverted to.
While Lamb and Lawrence focused on the recognition of a consistent pattern of cognitional operations present through historical consciousness and understanding, my concern is with encounter and communication.
Specifically, it focuses on the existence of emotions and their functions in addition to the cognitional and behavioral elements.
The functions (cognitional, cultivational-educational, instrumental and normative), accomplished by the models used to solve the problems of the sport theory and practice, can have various characteristics.
Braman identifies three areas--art, cognitional theory and the human good --which he thinks show most clearly the similarities and distinctions between the hypotheses of Taylor and Lonergan.
Cognitional Management: The Integration of Thought and Emotions in Managing Organizations
LONERGAN is most famous for his account of the cognitional, epistemological, and metaphysical dimensions of the human process of knowing.
Teachers' and students' cognitional knowledge for classroom teaching and learning.
Without dismissing the contribution of the history of religions to interreligious dialogue, he asserts that "in terms of ethical, social and religious effect, it is finally the meeting of believers as believers that is significant." (10) He adds, "Any dialogue is first based on what is shared." (11) In his book and related essays, Gregson first sets out this shared ground by means of Lonergan's cognitional theory and then draws out consequences for the Christian encounter with religious pluralism.
This premise provides support for the increasing consensus in clinical psychology that cognitional, emotional, behavioral and interpersonal dimensions of people need to be holistically addressed in order to deal most effectively with psychological disorder and promote flourishing.

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