coeliac


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coeliac

(sē′lē-ăk′)
adj.
Variant of celiac.

ce·li·ac

(sē'lē-ak)
Relating to the abdominal cavity.
Synonym(s): coeliac.
[G. koilia, belly]

coeliac

Pertaining to the cavity of the abdomen.

Patient discussion about coeliac

Q. Is celiac genetic? I have one son with celiac disease from my first marriage and me second wife is now pregnant,I was wondering what are the chances for this soon to be born daughter of mine to have celiac as well- if I maybe carry the genetic flaw and is there a way to find out?

A. Celiac disease is a very common illness (about 1 in a 100 people suffer from it in different levels), and it is known to have a strong genetic connection. However, there is not one specific mutation that you can get genetic testing to see if you are carrying it. Your soon to be born daughter will have a higher chance than the regular population to suffer from the disease, but it does not necessarily mean she will.

Q. How do you diagnose celiac? My daughter is 3 years old and is constantly vomiting, has diarrhea and stomach aches. Could this be celiac?

A. This could in fact be celiac. The initial step in screening should include: IgA endomysial antibodies (EMA), IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG), IgG tissue transglutaminase and Total IgA antibodies. The patients with positive antibody tests, and those with an IgA deficiency, should have a small bowel biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and assess the degree of damage, which is performed endoscopically (looking inside the body by inserting a tube into it).

Q. Is FTT a symptom of celiac? My 1.5 year old son has FTT (failure to thrive) and stomach aches. What could be causing it?

A. Failure to thrive lacks a precise definition, in part because it describes a condition rather than a specific disease. Children who fail to thrive don't receive or are unable to take in, retain, or utilize the calories needed to gain weight and grow as expected. FTT can be caused from many different things: social factors, conditions involving the gastrointestinal system like gastroesophageal reflux, chronic diarrhea, cystic fibrosis, chronic liver disease, and celiac disease. From a chronic illness or medical disorder, an intolerance of milk protein, infections or metabolic disorders.

More discussions about coeliac
References in periodicals archive ?
Laboratory testing for coeliac disease has shown steady improvement over the years, reflecting increased awareness of the pathophysiology of the disease.
Coeliac UK notes that up to half a million people are believed to be living with coeliac disease undiagnosed, and it can take up to 13 years for a diagnosis.
Since the assessment was launched under a year ago, more than 30,000 people have taken the questionnaire and from feedback initial results suggest that around 8% of those who were recommended to seek advice went on to be diagnosed with coeliac disease.
The coeliac serology-positive and -negative groups were compared in terms of their demographic features, as summarised in Table 1.
To diagnose Coeliac Disease an allergy test is not required and is an incorrect method."
Waitrose has confirmed it already stocks the eight staple items in Coeliac UK's Gluten-free Guarantee basket of goods in all its supermarkets and all items are now available in its little Waitrose convenience stores.
The coeliac friendly range also includes Roast, Diced, Saute and Jacket Potatoes.
Results: A total of 11 (44%) female paediatric coeliac patients in age range 1-9 (mean 7.2+-4.8 years) and 14 (56%) male paediatric patients in the age range 6-14 (mean 8.6+-5.1 years) were genotyped for HLA-DRB1 loci.
In 18 (18%) cadavers with the coeliac trunk presenting its three arteries, left gastric, splenic, common hepatic, trifurcating at the same level, forming the Haller's tripod (Figure 3).
Coeliac Australia, on the other hand, claims that their opinion is on the basis of rigorous research which has previously been acknowledged by UK officials.