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Variant of celiac.


Relating to the abdominal cavity.
Synonym(s): coeliac.
[G. koilia, belly]


Pertaining to the cavity of the abdomen.

Patient discussion about coeliac

Q. Is celiac genetic? I have one son with celiac disease from my first marriage and me second wife is now pregnant,I was wondering what are the chances for this soon to be born daughter of mine to have celiac as well- if I maybe carry the genetic flaw and is there a way to find out?

A. Celiac disease is a very common illness (about 1 in a 100 people suffer from it in different levels), and it is known to have a strong genetic connection. However, there is not one specific mutation that you can get genetic testing to see if you are carrying it. Your soon to be born daughter will have a higher chance than the regular population to suffer from the disease, but it does not necessarily mean she will.

Q. How do you diagnose celiac? My daughter is 3 years old and is constantly vomiting, has diarrhea and stomach aches. Could this be celiac?

A. This could in fact be celiac. The initial step in screening should include: IgA endomysial antibodies (EMA), IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG), IgG tissue transglutaminase and Total IgA antibodies. The patients with positive antibody tests, and those with an IgA deficiency, should have a small bowel biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and assess the degree of damage, which is performed endoscopically (looking inside the body by inserting a tube into it).

Q. Is FTT a symptom of celiac? My 1.5 year old son has FTT (failure to thrive) and stomach aches. What could be causing it?

A. Failure to thrive lacks a precise definition, in part because it describes a condition rather than a specific disease. Children who fail to thrive don't receive or are unable to take in, retain, or utilize the calories needed to gain weight and grow as expected. FTT can be caused from many different things: social factors, conditions involving the gastrointestinal system like gastroesophageal reflux, chronic diarrhea, cystic fibrosis, chronic liver disease, and celiac disease. From a chronic illness or medical disorder, an intolerance of milk protein, infections or metabolic disorders.

More discussions about coeliac
References in periodicals archive ?
The only treatment for people with coeliac disease is a strict, lifelong gluten-free diet but lack of adherence to this diet puts health at risk.
To diagnose Coeliac Disease an allergy test is not required and is an incorrect method.
Waitrose has confirmed it already stocks the eight staple items in Coeliac UK's Gluten-free Guarantee basket of goods in all its supermarkets and all items are now available in its little Waitrose convenience stores.
The coeliac friendly range also includes Roast, Diced, Saute and Jacket Potatoes.
Conclusion: HLA-DRB103 is associated with increased risk of developing coeliac disease.
In present study, the minimum length between coeliac trunk and left gastric artery was 0.
The second century Greek physician Arateus is credited with coining the term coeliac disease, or "koiliakos", after the Greek word koelia (abdomen), to describe patients suffering typical symptoms of diarrhoea, weight loss and anaemia.
Coeliac disease (CD) is a gluten - induced multiorgan autoimmune disorder and small intestine is the primary target.
The researchers studied 200 patients with coeliac disease attending clinics in Oxford and Melbourne.