codon


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Related to codon: anticodon, codon usage, Anti codon

codon

 [ko´don]
a series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.

co·don

(kō'don),
A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of DNA or RNA that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain or serve as a termination signal.
See also: genetic code.
Synonym(s): triplet (3)
[code + -on]

codon

(kō′dŏn′)
n.
A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code that determines the insertion of a specific amino acid in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis or the signal to stop protein synthesis.

co·don

(kō'don)
A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of DNA or RNA that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain or that serves as a termination signal.
Synonym(s): triplet (3) .
[code + -on]

codon

A sequence of three consecutive nucleotides (a triplet) along a strand of DNA or messenger RNA that specifies a particular AMINO ACID or a stop signal during protein synthesis. The order of the codons along the DNA molecule determines the sequence of particular amino acids in the protein produced.

codon

or

triplet

a group of three DNA nucleotide bases that codes for a specific amino acid in the related protein. see PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, GENETIC CODE.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most frequent nucleotides at the first, second and third codon positions were C (28.9%, 29.7%), T (40.0%, 39.0%), C (40.5%, 39.3%) in P.
Polymorphisms in codon 194 (allele frequency 13%), codon 280 (allele frequency 7%), and codon 399 (allele frequency 27%) are intensively studied due to their high allele frequency and functional significance (16-17).
codon 57 was associated with ethnicity found in Black population, whereas the 52 codon found in Cacasian population and related to yeast infection.
Proteins are coded by twenty different types of amino acids with all amino acids having more than two codons, except Methionine and Tryptophan which have single codon.
Deletion of one codon was also observed at position 518 in an isolate associated with RIF resistance (Table-1).
To maintain tissue homeostasis, apoptosis plays a key role by removing dysfunctional cellular debris especially in ectopic endometrial foci.11 A total 14 polymorphisms of TP53 have been reported to date.12 The most important one is rs1042522 which lies in exon 4 codon 72 region.
(4) No false start/stop codon: false start/stop codons are prevented via false codon searching both in an integer value and between consecutive integer values.
Mutation in the katG gene at the codon S315T1 was found to be the most frequent, with 151 (20.9%) isolates showing this mutation.
Polymerase chain reaction was carried out to obtain the desired DNA sequences (containing codon 12 and 13 of the K-RAS gene) using the designed primers, and the Big Dye Terminator, Applied Biosystem's buffer and water.
(9) Mutations at codon 407, 410, 420, 425 (456 now) and insertions between 408 and 409 have been confirmed to be associated with rifampicin resistance and were also supported by MFP studies.
Objective: The polymorphism in codon 399 of the X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene may subtly alter structure of DNA repair enzymes and modulate the repair capacity.