Trunk decay below the branch could result from injury caused by the branch and trunk or codominant
stems rubbing against one another in the wind.
The solutions represent the probabilities that an individual in a given backcross category will possess Z heterozygous markers in the case [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 2 OMITTED] of codominant
markers, or Z markers characteristic of the other parental species in the case of dominant markers.
2005), the choice of a coefficient will depend on some factors, such as the properties of molecular markers used (whether codominant
or dominant), germplasm genealogy (estimated through covariance among related individuals), operational taxonomic unity (OTU) (e.
Twenty-five trees were selected from among the dominant and codominant
trees in the range from 29 to 39 cm diameter at breast height (DBH) in each stand.
Canopy reduction Mechanical injury to roots, trunk, or branches Dieback Removing large diameter branches Drought Removing codominant
stems Flood Removing collars Flush cuts Storm damage Improper pruning cuts Topping or rounding over a tree
1985) found 30% of all trees growing within a 5 m radius of dead dominant or codominant
trees were U.
In Botryllus, the primary fusion/rejection response is controlled by a single, highly polymorphic locus, in which the sharing of one, or both, codominant
alleles leads to fusion, and the absence of a shared allele leads to nonfusion or cytotoxic rejection (Oka and Watanabe 1957; Sabbadin 1962; Scofield et al.
Given the codominant
property, microsatellites have a wealth of segregation information and the transferability across populations.
For the SSR markers, all the alleles were treated independently as a binary variable with I for presence and 0 for absence, because heterozygous status for codominant
markers in the true breeding cultivars or lines was very rare, if any.
Familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL) is a rare codominant
disorder characterized by low plasma concentrations of LDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein (apo) B.
The objective of this study was to obtain information on the properties of dominant and codominant
red pine trees of comparable DBH from a 125-year-old natural stand and from a 57-year-old plantation.
In most instances, if you are not subordinating codominant
stems in the nursery, you will not be producing quality shade trees with good structure.