cochineal

(redirected from cochineal insect)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

coch·i·neal

(kotch'i-nēl'), [C.I. 75470]
The dried female insects, Coccus cacti, enclosing the young larvae, or the dried female insect, Dactylopius coccus, containing eggs and larvae, from which coccinellin is obtained; used as a red coloring agent and a stain. See: carmine.
Synonym(s): coccinella, coccus (2)
[O.Sp. cochinilla, wood louse, fr. G. kokkinos, berry]

cochineal

/coch·i·neal/ (koch´ĭ-nēl) dried female insects of Coccus cacti, enclosing young larvae; used as a coloring agent for pharmaceuticals and as a biological stain.

cochineal

[koch′inēl′]
Etymology: L, coccineus, bright red
a red dye prepared from the dried female insects of the species Coccus cacti containing young larvae. During the preparation of the dye the larvae are extracted with an aqueous solution of alum. The resulting dye has been used in coloring medicines.

coch·i·neal

(kotch'i-nēl)
[CI 75470] The dried female insects, Coccus cacti, enclosing the young larvae, or the dried female insect, Dactylopius coccus, containing eggs and larvae, from which coccinellin is obtained; used as a red coloring agent and a stain.
See: carmine
Synonym(s): coccus (2) .
[O.Sp. cochinilla, wood louse, fr. G. kokkinos, berry]
References in periodicals archive ?
The pigment comes from the Armenian cochineal insect which lives in the roots of a plant indigenous to the Aras River which forms a natural border between Turkey and Armenia.
The effects of simulated and natural rainfall on cochineal insects (Homoptera Dactylopiidae) colony distribution and survival on cactus cladodes.
90) By 1807, the financially-strapped Madras Government terminated its one-pagoda-per-pound bounty for cochineal, although the Court of Directors' fund of 2,000 [pounds sterling] remained available to anyone who could introduce the "true" cochineal insect into India.
Having studied Armenian cochineal, from its earliest extraction in the 7th century BC to its use in manuscripts, or "miniature paintings", to document Armenian culture and life, Cavusoglu makes fantastic use of the pigment that comes from a carminic acid found in the Ararat or Armenian cochineal insect living in the roots of the Aeluropus littoralis plant.
The gnarled trunk has been covered, almost beyond recognition, with wine-red powder made from the crushed bodies of cochineal insects, while white carnation petals have been sprinkled on the base of the construction.
Cochineal insects feed on a certain type of cactus native to South America and Mexico.
To reach this objective, it is necessary to assure a better production by protecting this strategic culture from the most important pest, notably, diaspines cochineal insects which cause infestations often difficult to quantify on all North band of Algeria (Kosztarab, 1990).
1) Nikiforuk makes a simple entomological error here: several pages are devoted to cochineal insects as if they were beetles; they are, in fact, scale insects, close relatives of aphids.
Companies from Wuhan (China) to Tarrytown (New York) were offering bright natural colorings made from red cabbage, purple sweet potatoes, grape skins, black carrots, beet roots, cochineal insects, and (not yet allowed in American foods) blue gardenias.
I find the value of cochineal insects to their "keepers" remarkable and Waldbauer introduces this world in a colorful way.
It is also a homage to the island's industrial heritage of dye production, whereby cochineal insects would feed on cacti before being harvested for their rich crimson blood.
This strong red-crimson pigment is derived from cochineal insects, which have been fed exclusively on the nopal cactus.