Occupational medicine Finely particulate carbonaceous dust, often mixed with silicates; CD is a known lung irritant intimately linked to coal workers' pneumoconiosis–black lung disease. See Coal dust macule, Coal workers' pneumoconiosis.
Coal mining is considered as one of the dangerous occupations globally and poses many health problems to coal miners due to production and dispersion of fine coal dusts, resulting in pneumoconiosis and other diseases.
On the contrary, coal dust is used as the dispersed phase to fill in the resin matrix; therefore, the size of the coal-dust particles should not be too large or too small to ensure interior integrity of the composite material.
Heaps of coal in the open is environmental hazard as it contributes to air pollution from the coal dust. Moreover, the lack of depth at the Mumbai Port prevents large ships to anchor at the harbour for unloading cargo and the coal is brought into the port by way of large barges.
Exposure to coal dust is another issue peculiar to coal mining which causes numerous health problems4 while, improper disposal of coal effluents causes air, water and soil degradation but has poses waterborne health problems5.
The inhalation of occupational and atmospheric coal dust has been reported to significantly contribute to the development of several respiratory disorders, including infection, inflammation, and remodelling of the lungs .
Only products that have proven to reduce in-transit coal dust “by at least 85% as compared to loss in transit of coal dust from coal cars where no remedial measures have been taken,” according to a BNSF statement, are approved for use in this region.