Index [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT (Clumpy) REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Range: Clumpiness
ranges from -1 to 1 Aggregation Index AI = [[g.sub.ii]/max [g.sub.ii]] [g.sub.ii] = number of like adjacencies (joins) between pixels of patch type (class) i based on the single-count method.
The additive method builds up a pattern cell by cell, such that the locations of new filled cells produce a pattern that exhibits [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 2 OMITTED] the same degree of clumpiness
as in the observed data.
In brief, any argument for the clumpiness
of the late universe should (since the early universe can be seen as just as much a gravitational collapse as the late) be equally an argument for the clumpiness
of the early universe.
Analysis of the clumpiness
of the dark matter in the maps will also allow scientists to probe the nature of the mysterious dark energy, believed to be causing the expansion of the universe to speed up.
It glides on a treat, thanks to a no-nonsense wand to leave lashes long and luxurious and without any sign of 'clumpiness
He also explains the "Lyman-alpha forest," a way to measure the clumpiness
of matter by analyzing how light from quasars interacts with intervening clouds of hydrogen.
To account for the clumpiness
of the present-day universe, many researchers have invoked the notion of dark matter-weakly interacting, invisible material that doesn't glow like ordinary matter but does exert a gravitational tug.