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clover/clo·ver/ (klo´ver) a leguminous plant with trifoliate leaves, sometimes specifically a member of the genera Trifolium or Melilotus.
red clover the leguminous plant Trifolium pratense or a preparation of its flower heads, which is used for coughs and respiratory symptoms and for chronic skin conditions; also used in traditional Chinese medicine.
members of plant family Fabaceae; essential legume component of improved and irrigated pastures, and highly adapted to haymaking. Some annuals, e.g. sweet clover, are used as forage crops. They provide a large bulk of fiber and energy and a high content of protein and calcium. They play a part in preventing hypomagnesemia in cattle on pasture. Common varieties, including species and cultivars, are: Trifolium hybridum (alsike), T. repens (ladino), T. pratense (red), T. fragiferum (strawberry), T. subterraneum (subterranean), Melilotus alba (sweet), T. repens (white).
clovers can cause poisoning in a number of ways. They are important in their contribution to the occurrence of ruminal tympany, of urolithiasis, and chronic copper poisoning. Individual poisonous plant species are sweet clover which contains dicoumarol, alsike clover which is reputed to be hepatoxic, and white clover, ladino, red and particularly subterranean clovers which contain estrogenic substances.
see clover uroliths.