clonus

(redirected from clonuses)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to clonuses: ankle clonus

clonus

 [klo´nus]
1. alternate involuntary muscular contraction and relaxation in rapid succession.
2. a continuous rhythmic reflex tremor initiated by the spinal cord below an area of spinal cord injury, set in motion by reflex testing.
ankle clonus (foot clonus) a series of abnormal reflex movements of the foot, induced by sudden dorsiflexion, causing alternate contraction and relaxation of the triceps surae muscle.
toe clonus abnormal rhythmic contraction of the great toe, induced by sudden passive extension of its first phalanx.
wrist clonus spasmodic contraction of the hand muscles, induced by forcibly extending the hand at the wrist.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

clo·nus

(klō'nŭs),
A form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession seen with, among other conditions, spasticity and some seizure disorders.
See also: contraction.
[G. klonos, a tumult]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

clonus

(klō′nəs)
n. pl. clo·nuses
An abnormality in neuromuscular activity characterized by rapidly alternating muscular contraction and relaxation.

clon′ic (klŏn′ĭk, klō′nĭk) adj.
clo·nic′i·ty (klō-nĭs′ĭ-tē, klŏ-), clo′nism (klō′nĭz′əm, klŏn′ĭz′əm) n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

clonus

Neurology
1. A volley of muscle contractions and relaxations, occurring in rapid succession.
2. An abrupt transient muscle contraction.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

clo·nus

(klō'nŭs)
A form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession; seen with, among other conditions, spasticity, and some seizure disorders.
See also: contraction
Synonym(s): clonospasm.
[G. klonos, a tumult]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

clonus

Repetitive contraction and relaxation of stretched muscles which have been deprived of the smoothing and controlling influence of higher centres in the nervous system, in conditions such as STROKE. A feature of an ‘upper motor neurone lesion’. Clonus is also a feature of GRAND MAL epilepsy.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

clo·nus

(klō'nŭs)
A form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession seen with, among other conditions, spasticity and some seizure disorders.
[G. klonos, a tumult]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012