clinical epidemiology


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clinical epidemiology

the field concerned with applying epidemiologic principles in a clinical setting.

clinical epidemiology

the application of the science of epidemiology in a clinical setting. Emphasis is on a medically defined population, as opposed to statistically formulated disease trends derived from examination of larger population categories.

clinical

1. pertaining to a clinic or to the bedside and therefore carried out on the living animal.
2. pertaining to or founded on actual observation and treatment of patients, as distinguished from theoretical or experimental.
3. productive of clinical signs; thus clinical disease as distinct from subclinical.

clinical data storage
storage of clinical data about patients; may be paper or computerized.
clinical decision analysis
the application of clinical, epidemiological and other data to influence outome probability and alternative decisions in such areas as surgery and pharmaceutical treatment.
clinical epidemiologist
an epidemiologist who sees patients and herds in a clinical capacity but with an epidemiological viewpoint. An investigator of clinical problems affecting populations.
clinical epidemiology
the application by a veterinarian who provides direct patient care of epidemiological methods to the study of diagnosis and therapeutics in order to promote efficiency in clinical care.
clinical examination
an examination of a patient including taking the history, physical examination by palpation, auscultation and percussion, clinicopathological examination and examination of the environment.
clinical judgment
exerted while the patient is still alive; the critical decisions made on the basis of scientific observations but with the added skill provided by long experience of similar cases. To this must be added an innate ability to make balanced judgments based not only on the state of the animal and its predictable future but also on some consideration for the patient's overall well-being and the client's financial status and degree of psychological, or in some cases actual, dependence on the patient.
clinical nomenclature
a catalog of the names given to diseases and problems of animals; usually alphabetical, may be numerical. Should contain keywords (including key diagnoses and key signs) and synonyms with each list related to the other. Because of the need to sort banks of clinical data into categories it is essential that recording be accurate and that the catalog be limited—a policy of limited vocabulary.
clinical pathologist
a veterinarian skilled in clinical pathology.
clinical pathology
the examination of diseased tissues, fluids or other materials from a living patient, using all of the techniques available including chemistry, hematology, enzymology, cytology, microbiology, parasitology, protozoology, immunology and histopathology.
clinical pharmacology
the study of the actions and metabolism of drugs in living animals.
clinical policies
professional rules of thumb which are used to decide on the management of a case when there are no research results on which to base decisions. They are policies originated by the senior members of the profession, especially those in academic posts.
clinical propedeutics
preliminary training in the clinical sciences; the introduction to veterinary medicine, surgery and animal reproduction.
clinical qualifiers
adjectives used to qualify diagnoses using terms from within a group of standard variables, e.g. chronic or acute, ovine or bovine, benign or malignant, clinical or latent.
clinical record
the record, made at the time, of clinical examinations, treatments and advice given, complete with dates, names of individuals concerned and drugs or tests used. The record is desirable for the purpose of evaluating the patient's progress, and essential from the legal point of view if arguments should arise about competence or justness of charges made.
clinical signs
the abnormalities of structure or function observed in the patient by the veterinarian or the client. These are customarily graded according to severity, e.g. severe, moderate, mild, and according to speed of onset and progress, e.g. peracute, acute, subacute, chronic, intermittent.
clinical trials
a planned experiment, conducted in the field, designed to test the efficacy of a treatment in herds of animals by comparing the outcome under the test treatment with that observed in a comparable group of animal herds receiving a control treatment.
clinical vocabulary
a catalog of terms approved for use in the description of clinical signs and problems, and for the definition of diagnoses and diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
he has practiced in Switzerland and Italy, serving as professor and head of the Division of Clinical Epidemiology at the University Hospital of Geneva.
70% of the above 25 years of experienced practitioners always need the clinical epidemiology information.
British expert Simon Capewell, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology at the University of Liverpool, said: "The processed food industry clearly has a huge responsibility here.
PhD (Epidemiology) is currently a Lecturer at the Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, and the Clinical Epidemiology Unit, School of Medicine College of Health Sciences, Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda.
Gabriel received an MD, with distinction, from the University of Saskatchewan and an MSc in clinical epidemiology and biostatistics from McMaster University, Canada.
Jenicek, a Canadian physician who teaches clinical epidemiology and biostatistics at McMaster U.
Evidence-based medicine is basically using treatments and tests that have been proven to be more beneficial than risky, so that patients get the right treatment," said Dr Prasad, currently a neurology professor and director of the Clinical Epidemiology Unit at All India Institute of Medical Sciences.
Pombo, LDS Hospital-Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases, 8th Ave and C St, Salt Lake City, UT 84143, USA; email: david.
David Barker, professor of clinical epidemiology at the University of Southampton, has researched how foetal nutrition and childhood growth can affect the heart in later life.
Mangino, MD, is an associate professor of Internal Medicine and the medical director, Department of Clinical Epidemiology, at Ohio State University Medical Center.
Ann McKibbon is Associate Professor in the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, at McMaster University.
The report by George Davey Smith, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology at the University of Bristol, is published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

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