menopausal syndrome

(redirected from climacteric syndrome)

men·o·pau·sal syn·drome

recurring symptoms experienced by some women during the climacteric period; they include hot flashes, chills, headache, irritability, and depression.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


The cessation of menstrual activity in women due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs at age 45–50; menopause < age of 40 is considered premature.

Clinical findings
Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, hot flushes, irritability, increased weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, increased/decreased libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes, and osteoporosis (which can be lessened by hormone replacement therapy (HRT), the disadvantage of which is an increase in endometrial and breast cancer, possibly hypertension, thromboembolism and gallbladder disease).

Physiological changes
• Bladder—Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence.
• Breasts—Decreased Size, softer consistency, sagging.
• Cardiovascular—Angina, ASHD, CAD.
• Endocrine—Hot flashes/flushes.
• Mucocutaneous—Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth. 
• Neurologic—Psychological, sleep disturbances.
• Pelvic floor—Uterovaginal prolapse.
• Skeleton—Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain. 
• Vagina—Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis. 
• Vocal cords—Deepened voice.
• Vulva—Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The main purposes of our study are to use climacteric syndrome guideline of TCM [18] as an example to evaluate the reliability and validity of the instrument, and use it to assess the guideline's implementation situation by testing the consistency degree between the actual clinical practice and the menopause syndrome guideline of TCM.
Eventually, a total of 621 cases with climacteric syndrome were included in our data analysis.
Effect of low-dose French Maritime Pine Bark extract on climacteric syndrome in 170 perimenopausal women.
Thirty four were diagnosed as other diseases (6 cases of cervical osteoarthritis, 5 cases of brain trauma, 5 cases of encephalitis, 4 cases of intracranial hypotension syndrome, 4 cases of climacteric syndrome, 3 cases of old cerebral infarction, 2 cases of anemia, 2 cases of electrolyte disturbances, one case of multiple sclerosis, one case of hypoglycemia and one case of acute alcoholism).
Vitamin E and climacteric syndrome; failure of effective control as measured by menopausal index.
Climacteric syndrome can occur much earlier, sometimes even at the age of 35.
Cognitive-behavioural group intervention for climacteric syndrome. Psychother Psychosom 2006;75(5):298-303.
Relations between anthropomethc characteristics and degree of severity of the climacteric syndrome in Austrian women.
It is listed as a vegetable drug for the treatment of dysmenorrhea associated with the climacteric syndrome and the premenstrual syndrome by German Commission E.
Ximingting tablets in the treatment of women with climacteric syndrome (in Chinese).
A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the effect of Pycnogenol on the climacteric syndrome in perimenopausal women.