claw hand


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hand

 [hand]
the terminal part of the upper limb of a human or a nonhuman primate.
ape hand one with the thumb permanently extended.
cleft hand a malformation in which the division between the fingers extends into the metacarpus; also, a hand with the middle digits absent.
claw hand see clawhand.
drop hand wristdrop.
lobster-claw hand cleft hand.
obstetrician's hand the contraction of the hand in tetany; the hand is flexed at the wrist, the fingers are flexed at the metacarpophalangeal joints but extended at the interphalangeal joints, and the thumb is strongly flexed into the palm.
writing hand in Parkinson's disease, assumption of the position by which a pen is commonly held.

claw·hand

(klaw'hand),
Atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand with hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal joints and flexion of the interphalangeal joints; develops as a result of nerve injury either at the spinal cord or peripheral nerve level.
The hand deformity characterised by flexion and atrophy, which may follow the claw foot deformity of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, in which the atrophy is usually confined to the distal arm; clawhand deformity may also occur in Dejerine-Sottas’ hypertrophic polyneuropathy, leprosy, and Refsum’s disease; a similar ‘stiff hand’ occurs in mucopolysaccharidosis, type I-S

claw hand

Main en griffe The hand deformity characterized by flexion and atrophy, which may follow the claw foot deformity of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, where the atrophy is usually confined to the distal arm; clawhand deformity may also occur in Dejerine-Sottas' hypertrophic polyneuropathy, leprosy, and Refsum's disease; a similar 'stiff hand' occurs in mucopolysaccharidosis, type I-S. Cf Lobster claw deformity.

claw·hand

, claw hand (klaw'hand)
Atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand with hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal joints and flexion of the interphalangeal joints.
References in periodicals archive ?
[4] In our study, 5 claw hands and 1 lagophthalmos detected by electrophysiological studies.
All patients less than 14 years of age who underwent claw hand correction during the period 2007 to 2012 have been included in this study.
In addition to the general morbidity produced by the reactions of both types the more serious effect was the progression of mobile claw hand to fixed claw hand in five patients.
The exclusion criteria were: combined ulnar and median paralysis, stiff claw hand, less than 1 year paralysis, inability to give informed consent.
Summary A 14 year old girl on multidrug treatment for borderline tuberculoid leprosy presented with a swelling in her left arm and soon thereafter developed ulnar claw hand. MRI showed a well-defined ovoid lesion arising from the left ulnar nerve, isointense to muscle on T1W images and hyperintense on T2W and STIR images.
Summary A 14-year-old girl on multidrug treatment for borderline tuberculoid leprosy presented with a swelling in her left arm and soon thereafter developed an ulnar claw hand. MRI showed a well-defined ovoid lesion arising from the left ulnar nerve, isointense to muscle onT1W images and hyperintense on T2W and STIR images.
For the hands and feet, visible damage includes wounds and ulcers, as well as deformity due to muscle weakness, such as a foot drop, or a claw hand. Loss of tissue, such as the loss or partial reabsorption of fingers or toes is a late sign in leprosy, but it also gives a disability grade of 2 for that hand or foot.
Claw hands were present in 4 (13%) cases and claw toes were found in 1.
The hospital said the infant was suffering from bilateral claw hands, bilateral complex deformity of the lower limbs with bilateral varus deformity and complex foot deformity.
Show presenters are Julia Bradbury, Phil Tufnell and Dr Phil Hammond, who suffers from the little understood medical condition known as TV Claw Hands.