Phylogenetic classification of Cordyceps and the clavicipitaceous
Fungi Associated with Ergoline Alkaloid-Containing Convolvulaceae.
endophytes of grasses: their potential as biocontrol agents.
Neotyphodium and Epichloe are clavicipitaceous
fungi that commonly infect C-3 grasses.
Comparative demography of three graminoids infected by systemic, clavicipitaceous
The vertically transmitted clavicipitaceous
endophytes of cool-season grasses have been shown to interact mutualistically with their grass hosts by protecting them from herbivory through the production of various alkaloids (Clay 1991, Breen 1994).
fungal endophytes of grasses: Coevolution and the change from parasitism to mutualism.
Molecular phylogenetic relationships of non-pathogenic grass mycosymbionts and clavicipitaceous
In some grasses, endophytes, especially clavicipitaceous
fungi, are know to produce alkaloidal mycotoxins that deter, reduce growth and fecundity, or kill invertebrate and vertebrate herbivores (Clay 1992, Breen 1994) and thus are thought to be plant mutualists (Cheplick and Clay 1988, Clay 1990, 1992, Clay et al.
Albo-lanosa in a new genus Neotyphodium to separate clavicipitaceous
Acremonium (e-endophytes) from Acremonium with other affinities (usually saprotrophs).
Much of the discussion is based on results from clavicipitaceous
fungal parasites of grasses and sedges, particularly the interaction between the fungus Atkinsonella hypoxylon and Danthonia grasses, but the general idea is relevant for a wide range of systemic plant parasites such as rusts and smuts.
It was concluded that the biological, morphological, and ecological characteristics of the grass endophytes were unique from other Acremonium species, and that in order to eliminate some of the heterogeneity within Acremonium, and to create a more natural taxonomy, all the endophytic clavicipitaceous
conidial states from the section Albolanosa should be removed.