claustrum


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Related to claustrum: caudate nucleus, insula, internal capsule

claustrum

 [klaws´trum] (pl. claus´tra) (L.)
the thin layer of gray matter lateral to the external capsule of the lentiform nucleus, separating it from the white matter of the insula.

claus·trum

, pl.

claus·tra

(klaws'trŭm, klaws'tră),
1. One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.
2. A thin, vertically placed lamina of gray matter lying close to the putamen, from which it is separated by the external capsule. Claustrum consists of two parts: 1) an insular part and 2) a temporal part between putamen and the temporal lobe. Cells of the claustrum have reciprocal connections with sensory areas of the cerebral cortex.
[L. barrier]

claustrum

(klô′strəm, klou′-)
n. pl. claus·tra (-trə)
Any of several anatomical structures resembling a barrier, especially the thin vertical layer of gray matter of the brain that lies close to the outer portion of the lentiform nucleus, from which it is separated by the external capsule.

claus′tral adj.

claus·trum

, pl. claustra (klaws'trŭm, -tră) [TA]
1. One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.
2. [TA] A thin, vertically placed lamina of gray matter lying close to the putamen, from which it is separated by the external capsule. Cells of the claustrum have reciprocal connections with sensory areas of the cerebral cortex.

claustrum

Any structure resembling a barrier.

claus·trum

, pl. claustra (klaws'trŭm, -tră) [TA]
One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.
References in periodicals archive ?
Koubeissi and his colleagues were surprised by a big change when they turned on the electrode near the claustrum.
Scientists had for years hypothesized that the claustrum, a region deep inside the brain, was inextricably linked to consciousness.
(7.) Kaswin-Bonnefond, D (2003), ,,De l'aprehension de la beaute au claustrum", Revue francaise de psychanalyse 2: 441-460.
157: 'sit eciam claustrum firma et diligentissma custodia clausum et custoditum, ne aliquis detur locus dyabolo'.
The most abundant and consistent location for PrPres staining was found in the frontal cortex and in the fiber tracts of the claustrum (Figure 3, panel I).
La sentencia dimissionis, del 20 de mayo de 1978, coram Oddi (20) afectaba a una religiosa que vivia extra claustrum y que, tras haber recibido dos preceptos por los cuales era invitada a reanudar la vida regular, con la advertencia de la dimision en caso de falta de acatamiento, como consecuencia de grave desobediencia, habia sido dimitida de su instituto.
Across the partially covered passage 14th to 15th century tombstones from the Dominican Monastery Claustrum are displayed.
Como uma quarta classe associada a essas temos o bosque do mosteiro, que confere nao apenas protecao magica contra demonios, como tambem o isolamento dos ruidos do mundo exterior (claustrum) e a paz necessaria para a meditacao, tornando-se num "bosque de meditacao".
Ontogeny of the accessory neural arch in pristigasteroid clupeomorphs and its bearing on the homology of the otophysan claustrum (Teleostei).
The analyses presented in the volume nonetheless show that meditation in the seventeenth century is tied to the emergence of spaces of mental closure, to the folding of the self upon itself, which render the claustrum animae known to medieval monks accessible to publics as various as are the genres discussed.
(2) In humans and other mammals, the main neural structures that have been postulated to produce HLC (e.g., Cotterill, 1997; Tononi and Edelman, 1998; Crick and Koch, 2003, 2005; Edelman, 2003;) include the claustrum, most or all of the neocortex, the dorsal thalamic specific sensory relay nuclei, the intralaminar nuclei, and the thalamic reticular nucleus.