Some of the upregulated genes comprised genes with important functions in the immune response and proliferation, such as claudin
4 (CLDN4), orosomucoid 1 (ORM1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2), cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 (CYP26A1), and growth arrest-specific 1 (GAS1).
TJ contains a complex of proteins spanning the intercellular cleft (occludin and claudin
The most important TJ proteins in the intestinal mucosa are ZO-1, occludin, and claudins
, and the expression of all 3 in the intestine are decreased by infection with ETEC K88 [24, 30].
Tight junctions have several membrane and cytoplasmic proteins  ; some of these such as occludins, claudins
, and zona occludins (ZO proteins) have been well studied [34-38].
heterogeneity and control of lung tight junctions.
Among the enxtensive literature, for example, Fernando Claudin
, La crisis del movimiento comunista.
, "Stress distribution in granular media and nonlinear wave equation," Journal de Physique I, vol.
Scheiner-Bobis, "Non-classical testosterone signaling mediated through ZIP9 stimulates claudin
expression and tight junction formation in Sertoli cells," Cellular Signalling, vol.
Little to no expression was observed at any time point in either the biopaper or PET coculture systems for genes gap junction [beta]4 (GJB4), gap junction [beta]6 (GJB6), tight junction protein 3 (TJP3), and claudin
3 (CLDN3) (Table 2).