classical swine fever

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Related to classical swine fever: African swine fever, Swine erysipelas

classical swine fever

A highly infectious, often fatal viral disease of swine, characterized by fever, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. It occurs worldwide. Also called hog cholera.

classical, classic

the first recognized form of the item; serving as a standard model or guide. See also classical conditioning, east coast fever.

classical conditioning
classical pathway
one of the two pathways of complement activation, initiated by antigen-antibody complexes and involving C1, C2 and C4. It leads to activation of C3 and the terminal pathway. See also alternate complement pathway.
classical swine fever
now the universally accepted name for hog cholera and different from African swine fever (ASF). A highly infectious disease of pigs caused by a pestivirus and characterized in its classical form by high fever, lassitude, purple discoloration of abdominal skin, conjunctivitis and nervous signs including circling, incoordination, tremor and convulsions. Most affected pigs die at 5 to 7 days with a characteristic petechiation under the kidney capsule—turkey egg kidney. There is a second form, characterized by nervous signs and caused by a strain of virus of lower virulence. Other syndromes caused by low virulence strains are reproductive inefficiency and congenital defects including myotonia congenita. Also known as congenital trembles.


pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.

African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
swine dysentery
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
swine erysipelas
swine fever
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
swine influenza
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
swine paramyxovirus
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
swine paratyphoid
swine plague
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Validation of two commercial real time RT-PCR kits for rapid and specific diagnosis of classical swine fever virus.
An Enzyme Immunoassay employing motional antibodies and detection to classical swine fever virus.
BDV, border disease virus; BVDV, bovine viral diarrhea virus; CSFV, classical swine fever virus.
Welsh Government officials, Defra and the Scottish Government are currently working on new regulations to update and consolidate the existing legislation for Classical Swine Fever, African Swine Fever and Swine Vesicular Disease.
Farmers fear that wild boar spread diseases such as foot and mouth and Classical Swine Fever.
And then the industry suffered a number of diseases setbacks, with classical swine fever, foot-and-mouth and PMWS ( a wasting disease ( affecting the industry.
But, in the wake of the present epidemic and last year's classical swine fever outbreak in East Anglia, these precautions are no longer considered adequate.
As seen with classical swine fever, the growing population of wild boars is problematic for animal disease control, particularly if the infection reaches endemicity (6).
The European Commission is sending two EU veterinary experts to Croatia on 2 April to assess outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) and help with the disease situation on the ground.