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1. a state in which two attributes occur together either more or less often than expected by chance.
2. in neurology, a term applied to those regions of the brain (association areas) that link the primary motor and sensory areas.
3. in genetics, the occurrence together of two or more phenotypic characteristics more often than would be expected by chance. To be distinguished from linkage (q.v.).
4. in psychiatry, a connection between ideas or feelings, especially between conscious thoughts and elements of the unconscious, or the formation of such a connection.
clang association see clanging.
free association in psychoanalysis, verbal expression by the patient of ideas as they arrive spontaneously, without censoring or withholding anything, no matter how distressing, embarrassing, trivial, or irrelevant it may seem. The analyst forms tentative explanations of the patient's associations and experiences but withholds them until they are validated by more material and until the patient is in a receptive frame of mind.
association test one based on associative reaction, usually by mentioning words to a patient and noting what other words he or she gives as the ones called to mind; see association (def. 4).
psychic associations prompted by a sound; often encountered in the manic phase of manic-depressive psychosis.
Etymology: L, clangere, to resound, associare, to unite
the mental connection between dissociated ideas made because of similarity in the sounds of the words used to describe the ideas. The phenomenon occurs frequently in schizophrenia. See also loose association.
Aetiology Schizophrenia, manic phase of bipolar disorder
clang associationNeurology A shift in a conversation or flow of ideas, based on the sound of the words being used, not the content Etiology Schizophrenia, manic phase of bipolar disorder. See Bipolar disorder.
clang as·so·ci·a·tion(klang ă-sō'sē-ā'shŭn)
Psychic associations resulting from sounds; often encountered in the manic phase of manic-depressive psychosis.