cladogram


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cladogram

(klăd′ə-grăm′, klā′də-)
n.
A branching, treelike diagram in which the endpoints of the branches represent individual species of organisms. It is used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships and to show points at which various species are presumed to have diverged from common ancestral forms.

cladogram

a geneological DENDROGRAM based on the principles of CLADISTICS in which rates of evolutionary divergence are ignored.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Retention index measures how many shared characterstates in a given cladogram are retained on the cladogram; that is, the RI measures how well the character-states explain the cladogram.
As shown in the cladograms obtained for both unistrigatus groups, the LD (Fig.
2]) is also a homoplastic character that allows the recognition of the members of this clade (see Table 2); however, it is ambiguous concerning the optimization in the cladogram.
2001) who used non-parametric rate smoothing (NPRS; Sanderson, 1997) and a single calibration point--in the Rosid clade--to date the cladogram of Soltis et al.
The Implicit Enumeration algorithm (ie*) was employed in the search for the most parsimonious cladograms, with Nona & Winclada used to check the most parsimonious results found with this algorithm.
We analyzed relationships among haplotypes with a maximum parsimony (branch-and-bound search) cladogram, and a neighbor-joining tree (Saitou and Nei 1987) employing 2-parameter distance estimates.
The cladogram produced is your hypothesis about how these taxa are related to each other.
On the basis of cell lineages, differences between Dicyema and Pseudicyema are within the range of inter-species differences in Dicyema, as shown in the cladogram.
Distance analysis resulted in a cladogram similar to the one derived from parsimony analysis (Fig.
Moreover, there remain controversies over the statistical technicalities of cladogram construction, for example the utility of maximum likelihood over maximum parsimony.