cladogram


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cladogram

(klăd′ə-grăm′, klā′də-)
n.
A branching, treelike diagram in which the endpoints of the branches represent individual species of organisms. It is used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships and to show points at which various species are presumed to have diverged from common ancestral forms.

cladogram

a geneological DENDROGRAM based on the principles of CLADISTICS in which rates of evolutionary divergence are ignored.
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6 Distribution of branching types in the Arecoideae on a genus level cladogram (a entire cladogram showing further break down; b Socratea-Parajubaea; c Podococcus-Clinostigma d Chambeyronia-Neoveitchia; and e Ptychospemia-Normanbya).
nigra and its peers has little support and remains unsolved in the cladograms (SLIKAS, 1997), while C.
(A) and (B) Most parsimonious cladograms obtained (105 steps, ci 57, ri 76), (C) Strict consensus cladograms obtained (106 steps, ci 56, ri 76).
For instance, the symmetric branch points in the cladogram depicted in Figure 2 are those filled in black.
The base cladogram (BC or cladogram 1) includes all taxa from 13 Soil Orders, with the 113 characters described in Table 3.
The strict consensus trees produced from the recovered general area cladograms are presented in Fig.
The two cladograms (Figures 1 and 2) demonstrate that the AMD retina and RPE-choroid complex had slightly more transcriptomic subtypes than the currently recognized clinical phenotypes; for example, the number of clades within each cladogram is larger than the number of currently recognized phenotypes.
The analysis of the cladogram, Figure 1 of Cigliano (2007), supports this hypothesis.
From the nested cladogram and geographic coordinates of the sampling sites, a matrix defining genetic and geographical distances was created and analyzed via exact permutation contingency analysis in GEODIS v2.4 (Posada et al.
The family tree, or cladogram, below shows the branches of primates, the order of mammals that includes humans, monkeys, apes, and lemurs.
For character mapping we used a composite cladogram derived from recent morphological and molecular work on pholcid phylogeny (Huber 2000, 2001, 2003a, b, c, 2005a, b; Bruvo Madaric et al.