6 Distribution of branching types in the Arecoideae on a genus level cladogram
(a entire cladogram
showing further break down; b Socratea-Parajubaea; c Podococcus-Clinostigma d Chambeyronia-Neoveitchia; and e Ptychospemia-Normanbya).
nigra and its peers has little support and remains unsolved in the cladograms
(SLIKAS, 1997), while C.
(A) and (B) Most parsimonious cladograms
obtained (105 steps, ci 57, ri 76), (C) Strict consensus cladograms
obtained (106 steps, ci 56, ri 76).
For instance, the symmetric branch points in the cladogram
depicted in Figure 2 are those filled in black.
The base cladogram
(BC or cladogram
1) includes all taxa from 13 Soil Orders, with the 113 characters described in Table 3.
The strict consensus trees produced from the recovered general area cladograms
are presented in Fig.
The two cladograms
(Figures 1 and 2) demonstrate that the AMD retina and RPE-choroid complex had slightly more transcriptomic subtypes than the currently recognized clinical phenotypes; for example, the number of clades within each cladogram
is larger than the number of currently recognized phenotypes.
Analysis under EW resulted in four cladograms
(L = 74, CI = 60, RI = 78).
The analysis of the cladogram
, Figure 1 of Cigliano (2007), supports this hypothesis.
From the nested cladogram
and geographic coordinates of the sampling sites, a matrix defining genetic and geographical distances was created and analyzed via exact permutation contingency analysis in GEODIS v2.4 (Posada et al.
The family tree, or cladogram
, below shows the branches of primates, the order of mammals that includes humans, monkeys, apes, and lemurs.
For character mapping we used a composite cladogram
derived from recent morphological and molecular work on pholcid phylogeny (Huber 2000, 2001, 2003a, b, c, 2005a, b; Bruvo Madaric et al.