, properly prepared for planting with 15-day curing, were planted in October 2009 at 2 x 0.2 m spacing, and each plant was considered as one basic experimental unit (BEU).
were significantly more attractive to female parasitoids (Varone et al.
Varieties used in the study: the spineless varieties 'Aissa' (a) and 'Moussa' (b) and the thorny one 'Achefri' (c): pictures were taken during the ripening phase in July 2011 and show differences in spines and cladode
colour (green for the spineless cultivars and glaucous for the thorny cultivar).
Camare et al., "Dietary cladode
powder from wild type and domesticated Opuntia species reduces atherogenesis in apoE knock-out mice," Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, vol.
The traits included outstanding phenotypes like fruit characteristics, quality and cladode
When protease activities and a crude protein extract from Opuntia cladode
were challenged, trypsin and chymotrypsin-like activities were most sensitive, while elastase-like activity was only slightly inhibited and no inhibition was detected toward cysteine proteases, but using zymography an increase in proteolysis was observed in the latter case.
Size at first reproduction occurs in plants having more than 5 cladodes
and fruit production varies among years from 30 fruits/plant to less than one (Mandujano et al., 2007).
Nutritional and medicinal use of cactus pear (Opuntia spp.) cladodes
This species dominates the nopal ecosystem through its long life span and ability to reproduce vegetatively by rooting of cladodes
(Mandujano et al., 1998).
This predictability also extends to other desert species such as Opuntia where the fresh weights of cladodes
are correlated with cladode
width ([r.sup.2]=0.93) although this relationship varies annually (Han & Felker 1997).
cactorum on a cladode
inside a container (35 x 28 x 20 cm) where we added from 6 to 10 Apanteles females, and a similar number of males, so they could mate and the females oviposit.