circulatory collapse


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collapse

 [kŏ-laps´]
1. a state of extreme prostration and depression, with failure of circulation.
2. abnormal falling in of the walls of a part or organ.
circulatory collapse shock (def. 2).

cir·cu·la·to·ry col·lapse

failure of the circulation, either cardiac or peripheral.

collapse

(ko-laps') [L. collapsus, fallen into ruin]
1. A sudden exhaustion, prostration, or weakness due to decreased circulation of the blood.

Symptoms

Common symptoms include alterations in mental status, an inability to stand without dizziness, and/or severe generalized weakness. Physical findings include pallor, cold clammy skin, gooseflesh, a thin or thready pulse, an increased respiratory rate, tachycardia, and hypotension.

Patient care

A patent airway is maintained, the patient's head is lowered, and the lower extremities are elevated slightly in the Trendelenburg position to enhance venous return to the heart. Vital signs and level of consciousness are assessed for signs of shock or aspiration of vomitus. High concentration oxygen by a nonrebreather mask should be administered and oxygen saturation and ventilation evaluated. The patient should be kept warm but not hot. The patient's ECG should be monitored for arrhythmias, and an intravenous (IV) line should be established. If the patient is hypotensive, IV fluids should be given. The health care provider remains with the patient, briefly and calmly orienting him or her to surroundings and explaining procedures to provide reassurance of appropriate care.

2. An abnormal retraction of the walls of an organ.

cardiovascular collapse

See: cardiovascular collapse

circulatory collapse

1. Shock (1).
2. Hypoperfusion.

lung collapse

1. Atelectasis.
2. Compression of lung caused by pneumothorax, hydrothorax, or hemothorax.

Treatment

Bronchial hygiene, postural drainage, and percussion are used to assist in mucus removal for those patients with atelectasis due to mucus plugging. Bronchoscopy may also be useful in these patients. Chest tubes are inserted to drain air or fluid from the pleural cavity when present.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hospitalized patients most likely to benefit from CPR are those with sudden, unexpected circulatory collapse or abrupt respiratory insufficiency in the setting of acute cardiovascular illness.
Nonetheless, this entity should not be neglected because rapid and massive bleeding into the perirenal space can often lead to circulatory collapse and death.6
We present a patient case of metformin poisoning following intake of 80 g metformin resulting in severe lactate acidosis with a nadir pH of 6.73 and circulatory collapse, successfully treated with addition of prolonged intermittent hemodialysis (HD) to continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH).
The death was attributed to a "circulatory collapse" by the Interior Ministry, while autopsy reports show victim Kareem Hamdy was tortured to death.
Amphetamine causes irregular heartbeat, confusion, urine retention and painful urination, hyperthermia, hyperreflexia, muscle pain, severe agitation, rapid breathing and tremor, the FDA said, adding that a "large overdose may produce symptoms such as psychosis, anuria, cardiogenic shock, cerebral hemorrhage, circulatory collapse, extreme fever, pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, rapid muscle breakdown, serotonin syndrome, and stereotypy."
Large overdose, however, may produce symptoms such as psychosis, anuria, cardiogenic shock, cerebral hemorrhage, circulatory collapse, extreme fever, pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, rapid muscle breakdown, serotonin syndrome, and stereotypy, the FDA said.
While severe anaemia, cerebral malaria (1-4), acute kidney injury (5-6), multiple seizures, acute lung injury, circulatory collapse, etc.
Propofol has been associated with a number of serious adverse reactions including metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, circulatory collapse, myocardial failure and death (2).
This is particularly critical with the most lethal form, plasmodium falciparum, as other symptoms related to organ failure may occur such as acute renal failure, convulsions, circulatory collapse followed by coma and death.
Patients exhibited cerebral malaria, renal failure, circulatory collapse, severe anemia, hemoglobinurea, abnormal bleeding, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and jaundice.
Illness was characterized by extensive local inflammation at a subcutaneous or intramuscular injection site often followed by hypotension and circulatory collapse. Since April 24, 2000, 15 IDUs in Dublin, Ireland, and 14 IDUs in England with similar illnesses have been identified.
24, Egypt's Red Sea governorate said that John and Susan Cooper died at different times in Hurghada as a result of circulatory collapse. According to the governorate's statement, John, 69, died inside his room in the hotel on 21 Aug.

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