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Relating to cinnamon.
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Sixty minutes following the cinnamic acid or cinnamaldehyde administration, 3 g/kg oral glucose load was given to each rat.
extracts: chlorogenic acid, syrigin, procyanidin B2, caffeic acid, (-)-epicatechin, cinnamic acid, coumaric acid, phlorizin and quercetin, as described by others.
Peaks labelled with 1: protocatechuic acid, 2: Chlorogenic acid, 3: Caffeic acid, 4: Ferulic acid, and 5: Cinnamic acid.
Figure 2 showed the contents of cinnamic acid and ferulic acid of 6 cultivars of foxtail millet with different treatment and that they had significant differences (P < 0.05).
We measured the multicomponent content of 13 batches SGS (Figure 6); the results showed that there were significant differences in some contents of 15 ingredients, such as cinnamic aldehyde and baicalein, which indicated that only a few ingredients of the standard determination of content could not control the quality of SGS effectively.
The positive control, cinnamic aldehyde, was used at a concentration range of 8 to 128 [micro]M and required to meet the following acceptance criteria: average induction ([I.sub.max]) in the three replicates for cinnamic aldehyde at 32 [micro]M between 1.6 and 3; ECi.5 value between 6 [micro]M and 39 [micro]M.
Caption: Figure 3: Chemical structure of major cinnamic acids.
Four were cinnamic acids and derivatives (peaks 2, 3, 9, and 25), four chromones (peaks 1, 13, 15, and 21), nine anthracene compounds and derivatives (peaks 4, 7, 10, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 22), seven flavonoids (peaks 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 20, and 23) and an oxylipin (peak 24).
Phenolic compounds which are classified as allelochemicals are specifically derived from cinnamic acid, benzoic acid, coumaric acid, tannins, polyphenols and complex flavonoids.
Natural Cinnamic Aldehyde finds important applications in the food & beverages, perfume, metal & mining industry.
The major use of Benzaldehyde is in organic synthesis where the key raw materials for the production of a number of aromatic & perfumery chemicals and aldehydes including cinnamic, methylcinnamic, amylcinnamic and hexylcinnamic.