cingulotomy

cingulotomy

 [sing″gu-lot´ah-me]
the creation of lesions in the gyrus cinguli using stereotactic techniques; the primary psychiatric indication for this procedure is relief of intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder. It may also be done for relief of intractable pain. Research about it is ongoing.

cin·gu·lot·o·my

(sin'gyū-lot'ō-mē),
Formerly, a unilateral or bilateral surgical excision of the anterior half of the cingulate gyrus, but now accomplished by electrolytic destruction of the anterior cingulate gyrus and callosum.
Synonym(s): cingulectomy
[cingulum + G. tomē, a cutting]

cingulotomy

/cin·gu·lot·o·my/ (sing″gu-lot´ah-me) the creation of lesions in the cingulate gyrus for relief of intractable pain and in the treatment of certain psychiatric disorders.

cingulotomy

(sĭng′gyə-lŏt′ə-mē)
n.
Electrolytic destruction of the cortex and white matter of the cortical hemisphere and its connections.

cingulotomy

[sing′gyoo͡lot′əmē]
Etymology: L, cingulum + temnein, to cut
a procedure in brain surgery to alleviate intractable pain by producing lesions in the tissue of the cingulate gyrus of the frontal lobe. The operation interrupts the fibers of the white matter in the gyrus by the stereotactic application of heat or cold.

cin·gu·lot·o·my

(sing'gyū-lot'ŏ-mē)
Electrolytic destruction of the anterior cingulate gyrus and callosum.
[cingulum + G. tomē, a cutting]
References in periodicals archive ?
Of note, the anterior cingulate also is the target for cingulotomy, an established surgical treatment for OCD.
DREZ lesioning, myelotomy, tractotomy, cingulotomy, or thalamotomy, in the hope of removing the short-circuited, dysfunctional pain-generating nerves from the normal neural system, or interrupting the feedback pathway to the brain.
The most common modern psychosurgical procedures are limbic leucotomy, capsulotomy, cingulotomy and subcaudate tractotomy and involve a close collaboration between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons.
He was known to have been abusing opium for 5 years and was offered cingulotomy for his drug abuse problem.
Despite that, subcaudate tractotomy, dorsal anterior cingulotomy, anterior capsulotomy and limbic leukotomywere were still limitedly applied due to the complications such as obesity, cognitive impairment, personality changes and epilepsy.
Stereotactic radiofrequency thermal cingulotomy for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
A procedure called stereotactic anterior cingulotomy (SAC) was associated with significantly reduced obsessional symptoms in 48 percent of study subjects, according to a paper presented in 2012 at a meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
The study enrolled six participants who were scheduled to undergo cingulotomy - a procedure in which a small, precisely placed lesion is created within the ACC - to treat severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) that has not responded to other types of treatment.
The concept was to stimulate the cingulate to produce a noninvasive cingulotomy, a surgical procedure occasionally performed to sever whitematter connections to the cingulate and provide pain relief to patients with intractable, chronic pain.
Cerebral metabolic correlates as potential predictors of response to anterior cingulotomy for obsessive compulsive disorder.
Emotional and Personality Changes Following Cingulotomy.
Switch him to an antipsychotic, such as aripiprazole 9% Prescribe an opioid,such as oral morphine 1% Recommend cognitive-behavioral therapy 51% Consider cingulotomy 0% Increase sertraline to 250 mg/d 39% Note: Table made from pie chart.