cingulum

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cingulum

 [sing´gu-lum] (pl. cin´gula) (L.)
1. an encircling part or structure; a girdle.
2. a bundle of association fibers partly encircling the corpus callosum not far from the median plane, interrelating the cingulate and hippocampal gyri.
3. the lingual lobe of an anterior tooth. adj., adj cing´ulate.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cin·gu·lum

, gen.

cin·gu·li

, pl.

cin·gu·la

(sin'gyū-lŭm, -lē, -lă), [TA]
1. Synonym(s): girdle
2. A well-marked fiber bundle passing longitudinally in the white matter of the cingulate gyrus; the bundle extends from the region of the anterior perforated substance back over the superior surface of the corpus callosum; behind the latter's splenium it curves down and then forward in the white matter of the parahippocampal gyrus; largely composed of fibers from the anterior thalamic nucleus to the cingulate and parahippocampal gyri, it also contains association fibers connecting these gyri with the frontal cortex, and their various subdivisions with each other.
[L. girdle, fr. cingo, to surround]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cingulum

(sĭng′gyə-ləm)
n. pl. cingu·la (-lə) Biology
A girdlelike marking or structure, such as a band or ridge, on an animal.

cin′gu·late (-lĭt), cin′gu·la′ted (-lā′tĭd) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cin·gu·lum

, gen. cinguli, pl. cingula (sing'gyū-lŭm, -lī, -lă) [TA]
1. Synonym(s): girdle.
2. A well-marked fiber bundle passing longitudinally in the white matter of the cingulate gyrus; the bundle extends from the region of the anterior perforated substance back over the dorsal surface of the corpus callosum; behind the splenium of the latter it curves down and then forward in the white matter of the parahippocampal gyrus; composed largely of fibers from the anterior thalamic nucleus to the cingulate and parahippocampal gyri, it also contains association fibers connecting these gyri with the frontal cortex, and their various subdivisions with each other.
3. The lingual portion of an incisor or canine tooth, which forms a convexity on the cervical third of the crown.
4. The cervical third of the crown of a molar, which is the source of the developing cusps.
[L. girdle, fr. cingo, to surround]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

gir·dle

(gĭr'dĕl) [TA]
Any structure that has the form of a belt or girdle.
Synonym(s): cingulum [TA] .
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In this surgical technique, stimulatory VNS-like electrodes are placed through stereotactic methods in specified brain areas (such as the subcallosal cingulated gyrus, nucleus accumbens, ventral capsule/ventral striatum, inferior thalamic peduncle, habenula/lateral habenula, and the medial forebrain bundle) (1, 33).
Under hypnosis, the anterior cingulated cortex (ACC) is activated which narrows attention.
With normal aging, many volumetric studies reported a reduction in hippocampal, parahippocampal, and cingulated volumes [7-9] while others did not find evidence for age-related volume losses in these structures [10, 11].
A study in humans showed that cerebellar lesions are associated with a decrease in the activity of the amygdala as well as of the cingulated gyrus (18).
Pattern recognition analysis of anterior cingulated cortex blood flow to classify depression polarity [published online August 22, 2013].
That criterion leads to the activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the left inferior cingulated gyrus, as well as the right cerebellum and the right orbitofrontal cortex (Schlosser et al., 1998).
Orbitofrontal and anterior cingulated cortex neurofibrillary tangle burden is associated with agitation in Alzheimer disease.
Impaired cognitive control and reduced cingulated activity during mental fatigue.
They suggested that older adults' greater difficulty in identifying negative facial expressions of anger might be primarily related to their decline in the orbitofrontal cortex; their difficulty in identifying sadness might be related to their decline in the cingulated cortex and amygdala; finally, their difficulty in identifying fear might be driven by their decline in the amygdala.
These studies suggest that the limbic system, including the amygdale, hippocampus, and some of the anterior cingulated cortex may be involved with both emotional states and depression (Gotlieb & Hamilton, 2008; Ochsner & Gross, 2008).
Interrelations between orbital gyrus, insula, temporal tip and anterior cingulated. Trans Am Neurol Assoc.