cinchona


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cinchona

 [sin-ko´nah]
the dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona; it is the source of quinine, cinchonine, and other alkaloids and was used as an antimalarial.

cin·cho·na

(sin-kō'nă),
The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees (family Rubiaceae), native of South America but cultivated in various tropic regions. The cultivated bark contains 7-10% of total alkaloids; about 70% is quinine. Cinchona contains more than 20 alkaloids, of which two pairs of isomers are most important: quinine and quinidine, and cinchonidine and cinchonine.
[Cinchona, fr. Countess of Chinch'on]

cinchona

/cin·cho·na/ (sin-ko´nah) the dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona; it is the source of quinine and other alkaloids and was used as an antimalarial.

cinchona

(sĭng-kō′nə, sĭn-chō′-)
n.
1. Any of various evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes, some species of which are cultivated for their bark, which contains quinine and other alkaloids used chiefly to treat malaria.
2. The dried bark of any of these plants. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark.

cin·chon′ic (sĭng-kŏn′ĭk, sĭn-chŏn′-) adj.

cinchona

[singkō′nə, chinchō′nə]
Etymology: countess of Chinchon, Peru
the dried bark of the stem or root of species of Cinchona, containing the alkaloids quinine and quinidine.

cinchona

Herbal medicine
A tree native to South America, the primary source of the alkaloids, quinine and quinidine, which was the first effective antimalarial agent; other alkaloids present in cinchona include cinchonidine and cinchonine.
 
Toxicity
Abdominal pain, deafness, delirium, headache, impaired vision, nausea, psychotic disorder, tinnitus, vomiting and weakness.

Homeopathy
See China.

cin·cho·na

(sin-kō'nă)
The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees contains more than 20 alkaloids, of which two pairs of isomers are most important: quinine and quinidine, and cinchonidine and cinchonine.
[Cinchona, fr. Countess of Chinch'on]

cinchona

A south American tree, genus Cinchona , from the bark of which quinine is derived.

cinchona (kin·chōˑ·n),

n Peruvian shrub, the bark of which is the source of quinine. Samuel Hahnemann repeatedly dosed himself with cinchona to examine its effects and realized that his symptoms paralleled those of malarial patients. This led to his development of his similia principle: “let likes be cured by likes.” Also called
quinine, china bark, or
china. See also quinine.
References in periodicals archive ?
La zona de estudio ha sido afectada por varios terremotos entre los que se destacan el terremoto de Fraijanes de 1888 y el terremoto de Cinchona de 2009.
Los botanicos de la Mision de Cinchona, que fue como se llamo a la rama encargada de las expedicion es y la compra dentro del Cinchona Program, tuvieron que trabajar en los accidentados Andes, padeciendo dificultades de salud y obstaculos logisticos, entre los que se contaba la ausencia de una cartografia adecuada.
Este valor es muy similar al registrado en Alajuela centro cuando sucedio el sismo de Cinchona en el 2009.
Evaluation of antiplasmodial efficacy and safety of Cinchona officinalis (China) against lethal murine malaria parasite.
9] Han YS, van der Heijden R, Lefeber AWM, Erkelens C & Verpoorte R (2002) Biosynthesis of anthraquinones in cell cultures of Cinchona 'Robusta' proceeds via the methylerythritol 4-phosphate pathway.
Fever-Tree's Tree House Garden has a fantastic tree house made partly from reclaimed wood from Cinchona Ledgeriana (aKa fever trees) - the bitter darK barK produces the quinine used in its tonics.
Fever-Tree's Tree House House Garden has a fantastical tree house made partly from reclaimed wood from Cinchona Ledgeriana (aka fever trees) - the bitter dark bark produces the premium quinine used in its tonics.
According to sources McLaren, Peru's Environment Minister Antonio Brack has announced he will honour the 'Hey Jude' hitmaker's green campaigning by awarding him the highly respected Order of the Cinchona Tree ahead of the gig.
Ciertamente, este objetivo se lo logro en mas de una ocasion, como en el caso de la quina en Java, donde la agricultura colonial holandesa obtuvo, a fines del siglo xx, una nueva especie a partir de la Cinchona calisaya: la C.
2) Since the first widespread use in the mid-sixteenth century of the first known antimalarial--quinine isolated from cinchona bark in 1820--resistance has emerged to one drug after another.
The history of quinine (obtained from Cinchona bark) is extensively described by Balick and Cox (1996: p.