ciliate

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Related to ciliation: conciliation

ciliate

 [sil´e-āt]
1. having cilia.
2. any individual of the Ciliata.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ciliate

(sĭl′ē-ĭt, -āt′)
adj.
Ciliated.
n.
Any of various protozoans of the phylum Ciliophora, characterized by numerous cilia.

cil′i·a′tion n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ciliate

any member of the class Ciliata in older classifications (usually placed in the subphylum Ciliophora), members of which possess cilia (see CILIUM during some part of the life cycle for locomotion and/or food capture. In more modern classifications ciliates are given kingdom-equivalent status. See CLASSIFICATION. Ciliates are said to be the most specialized of the protozoans and have various organelles to perform particular processes. There are more than 5500 species and they are common in both fresh and salt water.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Here we use SEM to show the morphology of feeding organs (gill, foot, labial palps and arborescent lips), and ultrastructural characteristics such as ciliation in large specimens of two bivalve species, the sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, and bay scallop, Argopecten irradians.
This is not uncommon among studies of larval form carried out before the functional significance of metatrochal ciliation was known (e.g., see Pernet and Strathmann, 2011).
Anterior internal anatomy: Pedal pit shallow, <1/2 body width; foot single ridge 30 pm at widest; mouth opening ventrally at vestibule entrance; body wall musculature with weak circular and longitudinal fibers, the latter thickest ventrally; vestibular papillae one per root, few, vestibular ciliation with two lateral tracts united posteriorly in U-shape, without frontal extension; pharynx surrounded by circular muscles; large paired anteroventral ganglia 45 [micro]m in diameter, posterior to pedal pit, with two commissures; cerebral ganglion 100 [micro]m wide, 70 [micro]m high; pharynx 65 pm long, surrounded by musculature and intercellular glands; no esophagus; unpaired, short midgut cecum.
We examined the organization and behavior of velar ciliation in nonfeeding larvae of several species of Littorina, using light and scanning electron microscopy.
To enhance a classification of the major developmental stages of the thoracic bud, we also documented the expression pattern of acetylated tubulin as a marker for ciliation.
Estimated ciliary band length-specific clearance rates are slight underestimates, as they were calculated by assuming that band length was equivalent to circumference at the prototroch, but a small portion of that circumference was interrupted by a dorsal gap in the feeding ciliation (Fig.
collaris after ciliation are in the range of 4-5 [micro]m, whereas those for the nemertean Carinoma tremaphoros, the polychaetes Nereis limbata and Polygordius sp., and the limpet Patella vulgata are 25-50, 11-22, 15, and 30 [micro]m, respectively (Maslakova et al., 2004; Costello, 1945; Woltereck, 1902; Damen and Dictus, 1994).
Despite some remarkable work in the earlier studies, important aspects have not been adequately or coherently covered, such as ciliation, type of filament growth, and creation of junctions.
It would indeed be a very remarkable example of convergence if these structures should all have evolved convergently from an ancestral uniform ciliation (see below).
To determine the pattern of ciliation, some hatchlings were double-labeled with phallacidin and anti-tubulin antibody.
The velum is a vestigial ridge with some ciliation but lacks a well-organized food groove.