cilia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cilia

 [sil´e-ah] (sing. cil´ium) (L.)
1. the eyelids or their outer edge.
2. the eyelashes.
3. minute hairlike processes that extend from a cell surface, composed of nine pairs of microtubules around a core of two microtubules. They beat rhythmically to move the cell or to move fluid or mucus over the surface.

cil·i·a

(sil'ē-ă),
Plural of cilium.

cilia

(sĭl′ē-ə)
n.
Plural of cilium.

cil·i·a

(sil'ē-ă)
Plural of cilium.

cilia

1. The microscopic hairlike processes extending from the surface of certain kinds of lining cells (ciliated epithelium) and capable of a rhythmical lashing motion.
2. Eyelashes.

cilia

see CILIUM.

Cilia

Tiny, hair-like projections from a cell. In the respiratory tract, cilia beat constantly in order to move mucus and debris up and out of the respiratory tree, in order to protect the lung from infection or irritation by foreign bodies.

cilia 

The eyelashes (singular: cilium).
References in periodicals archive ?
The ability is suggested by differences in the zone in which algal cells passing through the band of beating prototrochal cilia are caught.
Under general anesthesia, after removing the cilia, we performed continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and lensectomy with an irrigation/aspiration probe.
Electron microscopy demonstrates the absence of an outer microtubule in three of the nine external doublets of the cilia (one of them is highlighted).
By contrast, iPSC-derived RPE cells exposed to the third drug, an inhibitor of cilia growth, demonstrated severely disrupted structure and functionality.
Lam targeted three fellow UPS drivers, Mr Cilia said.
Depletion of components of the retrograde transport system produces short and swollen cilia and leads to the accumulation of different proteins in the PC [23].
It wasn't clear whether the cilia defects were the primary cause of the birds' flightlessness.
From then until April 14, Maduro was interim president, a position he was able to hold mainly thanks to his girl-friend Cilia Flores.
It is suggested that the immobility of nodal cilia inhibits the flow of extra-embryonic fluid during the embryonic period which manifests later as situs inversus.
The research, conducted at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), found that a slight regulation in the length of primary cilia, small hair-like projections found on most cells, prevented the production of fat cells from human stem cells taken from adult bone marrow.
Recent research has found that many conditions including kidney disease, blindness, problems with bones and obesity can be caused by defects in primary cilia.
In this connection (Gartner & Hiatt, 2007), in human stated another two types called the brush and serous cells but we did not observe any of them, it might be due to the dense cilia covered the luminal surface of the respiratory epithelium.