Some of the most devastating wildlife diseases ever documented, such as white-nose syndrome in bats and chytridiomycosis
in amphibians, are caused by fungal pathogens," said Jeffrey Lorch, a microbiologist with the U.
These causes include habitat fragmentation and loss, environmental pollutants, climate change, and an emerging infectious disease chytridiomycosis
(Wake and Vredenburg 2008; Hayes and others 2010).
The two most common frog diseases, chytridiomycosis
and ranavirus infection, are linked to frog population declines worldwide.
Reasons for extinction - amphibian disease chytridiomycosis
, air pollution and climate change
A fungus called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, which leads to the deadly disease chytridiomycosis
, is responsible for the significant decline or extinction of up to 200 species of amphibians around the world since 1980, and it threatens hundreds more.
Among their topics are preparing for serious communicable diseases in the US: lessons from the ebola virus epidemic, measles in the US since the millennium: perils and progress in the post-elimination era, antimicrobial resistance expression by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: a major global public health problem in the 21st century, emerging fungal infections in the Pacific Northwest: the unrecognized burden and geographic range of Cryptococcus gattii and Coccidioides immitis, and the amphibian fungal disease chytridiomycosis
as a key example of the global phenomenon of emerging wildlife infectious diseases.
Berger L, Speare R, Daszak P, Green E, Cunningham AA, Goggin CL, Slocombe R, Ragan MA, Hyatt AD, McDonald KR, Hines HB, Lips KR, Marantelli G and Parkes H (1998) Chytridiomycosis
causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America.
Upward range extension of Andean anurans and chytridiomycosis
to extreme elevations in response to tropical deglaciation.
survey in wild and captive Mexican amphibians.
In California and elsewhere in the world, amphibians have declined in relatively pristine areas due the potentially fatal disease, chytridiomycosis
, caused by the pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
53) Ebola virus, monkeypox, (54) amphibian chytridiomycosis
, and exotic Newcastle's disease are examples of diseases imported into the US through the wildlife trade.
2004) Experimental evidence that the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) is a potential carrier of chytridiomycosis
, an emerging fungal disease of amphibians.