chylous ascites


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Related to chylous ascites: chylous effusion

chy·lous as·ci·tes

, ascites chylosus [MIM*208300]
presence in the peritoneal cavity of a milky fluid containing suspended triglycerides, ordinarily caused by an obstruction or injury of the thoracic duct or cisterna chyli.

chy·lous as·ci·tes

, ascites chylosus (kī'lŭs ă-sī'tēz, ă-sī'tēz kī-lō'sŭs)
Presence in the peritoneal cavity of a milky fluid containing suspended fat, ordinarily caused by an obstruction or injury of the thoracic duct or cisterna.
Synonym(s): chyloperitoneum.
References in periodicals archive ?
The etiology of chylous ascites can be separated into traumatic and atraumatic causes.
The chylous ascites found in our patient was likely a result of granulomatous infiltration of the lymphatic system, causing obstruction, in the setting of the abrupt restoration of the immune system.
Management options in chylous ascites include discontinuing offending medications (CCBs), altering the diet to predominantly medium chain triglycerides (MCT), somatostatin analogues (they increase splanchnic arteriolar resistance and decrease lymph flow) [11], and instituting total parenteral nutrition (TPN).
Rodriguez-Carmona, "Chylous ascites associated with acute pancreatitis in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis," Nephron, vol.
Rapid resolution of chylous ascites after liver transplantation using somatostatin analog and total parenteral nutrition.
Establishment of triglyceride cut-off values to detect chylous ascites and pleural effusions.
Many pathological conditions can result in chylous ascites. These conditions include congenital defects of the lymphatic system; nonspecific bacterial, parasitic, and tuberculous peritoneal infections; liver cirrhosis; malignant neoplasm; surgical injury; and blunt abdominal trauma.
We report here this unusual case of chylous ascites formation following resection anastomosis of gangrenous jejunal segment which was managed by parental nutrition, octreotide and supportive treatment.
Patients presenting with chylothorax and/or chylous ascites without recent surgery or trauma should be readily evaluated for the presence of malignancy, especially lymphoma.
Management of chylous ascites after retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer.
Chylous ascites and chylopleura due to constrictive pericarditis might be caused by the following mechanisms.