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Related to chronic paronychia: onychomycosis


1. a rod of metal, bone, or other material used for fixation of the ends of fractured bones.
2. a hardened or horny cutaneous plate overlying the dorsal surface of the distal end of a finger or toe. The nails are part of the outer layer of the skin and are composed of hard tissue formed of keratin. Called also unguis.
Parts of the nail. From Dorland's, 2000.
Nail abnormalities. From Lammon et al., 1996.
ingrown nail see ingrown nail.
spoon nail a nail with a concave surface.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


(par'ō-nik'ē-ă), Do not confuse this word with perionychia.
Suppurative inflammation of the nail fold surrounding the nail plate; may be due to bacteria or fungi, most commonly staphylococci and streptococci.
[para- + G. onyx, nail]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Inflammation of the tissue surrounding a fingernail or toenail.

par′o·nych′i·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Nail infection Dermatology A superficial infection of the skin around nails, most commonly caused by staphylococci or fungi, often due to local injury–eg, biting off or picking a hangnail, or manipulating, trimming, or pushing back the cuticle; fungal paronychia is often associated with DM. See Onychomycosis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Suppurative inflammation of the nail fold surrounding the nail plate; may be due to bacteria or fungi, most commonly staphylococci and streptococci.
[para- + G. onyx, nail]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(par-o-nik'e-a) [? + onyx, nail]
Enlarge picture
An acute or chronic infection of the marginal structures about the nail. Synonym: felon; runaround; whitlow See: illustration


The nail edge shows redness, swelling, and suppuration.


Therapy may involve moist heat application, oral antibiotics, or surgical drainage.

paronychia tendinosa

Inflammation of the sheath of a digital tendon owing to sepsis.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


Infection of the skin fold at the base or side of the nail. Acute paronychia is usually caused by common bacteria such as Staphylococci and often progresses to abscess formation. Persistent (chronic) paronychia is usually caused by the thrush yeast fungus Candida albicans .
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


Inflammation of the folds of skin that surround a nail.
Mentioned in: Nail Removal
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic paronychia should be managed like contact dermatitis is treated, with hand protection and topical steroids, she advised.
albicans in our study were isolated from the chronic paronychia cases.
* BACKGROUND Although Candida is often isolated from nails afflicted with chronic paronychia, the benefit of treating chronic paronychia with antifungal agents has never been proved.
* POPULATION STUDIED A total of 45 patients, 22 to 69 years of age, presenting to a dermatology clinic in Italy with chronic paronychia were enrolled.
The clinical evaluation of the patients was limited by a lack of standard criteria for chronic paronychia and therefore some subjective bias was expected.
Of 44 patients with chronic paronychia, 41 (93%) had a strong history of contact with irritants.
On fungal cultures, 36 patients (81%) with chronic paronychia grew yeast, and 1 (3%) grew dermatophytes; 79 patients (85%) with onycholysis grew yeast.
Try to convince those with chronic paronychia to avoid cuticle removers and not push the cuticles back, or even touch them.

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