myofascial pain syndrome

(redirected from chronic myofascial pain)

myofascial pain syndrome

A chronic, nonprogressive, nondegenerative and non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain syndrome, which is characterised by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points and accompanied by stiffness, weakness, “knot formation”, and decreased range of motion in precise, specific patterns.
 
Clinical findings
Generalised pain—head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica.
 
Management
Three-step analgesic ladder: injection with local anaesthetics, steroids, anti-inflammatories.

Mechanism
Possibly autonomic dysfunction.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

myofascial pain syndrome

(mī″ă-făsh′ăl, shē-ăl),

MFP

A chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder characterized by the presence of trigger points; decreased range of motion in affected muscle groups; weakness; and, on occasion, local autonomic disturbances such as localized perspiration.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Novel use of ultrasound elastography to quantify muscle tissue changes after dry needling of myofascial trigger points in patients with chronic myofascial pain. J Ultrasound Med 2015;34:2149-61.
Chronic myofascial pain syndrome is a diagnostic and therapeutic problem for many specialists, such as dentists, laryngologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, general surgeons, anesthetists, psychiatrists, and oncologists [1].
To perfect the existing provoked PCR testing procedure, we first evaluated patients with chronic myofascial pain who tested negative or "indeterminate" with the Western blot test.
The chronic myofascial pain and dysfunction syndrome (MFPDS) signs and symptoms are pain in the face, limited mouth opening, muscle tenderness, deviation of the jaw on opening, noises in the TMJ, and pain in and around TMJ area.
Sarac, "Efficacy of 904 nm Gallium Arsenide low level laser therapy in the management of chronic myofascial pain in the neck: a double-blind and randomize-controlled trial," Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, vol.
Future studies should explore the reliability (sensitivity, specificity) of biomarkers for MTrP detection in the clinical evaluation of the chronic myofascial pain patient.
This method has also been used to treat neck and shoulder pain in whiplash syndrome patients, cervicogenic headache, acute attacks of urolithiasis, and chronic myofascial pain syndrome (20-25).
CONCLUSION: Tizanidine is effective in the treatment of subacute and chronic myofascial pain syndrome.
Fibromyalgia & Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A Survival Manual
"For someone with persistent symptoms or chronic myofascial pain, if they're not candidates for other types of treatment or they want to look at something else because of concerns about medications or injections, acupuncture is a reasonable choice," Dr.
Gur A, Sarac AJ, Cevik R, Altindag O, Sarac S (2004) Efficacy of 904 nm gallium arsenide low level laser therapy in the management of chronic myofascial pain in the neck: a double-blind and randomize-controlled trial.

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