chronic gastritis


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gastritis

 [gas-tri´tis]
inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Gastritis is one of the most common stomach disorders, and occurs in acute, chronic, and toxic forms.
acute gastritis severe gastritis that may be caused by intake of aspirin or other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, food poisoning, overeating, excessive intake of alcoholic beverages, or bacterial or viral infection; it is often accompanied by enteritis. The outstanding symptom is abdominal pain, and there is also a feeling of distention, with loss of appetite and nausea. There may be a slight fever and vomiting. The substance causing the irritation can often be identified, in which case it should be avoided. Treatment may include the use of antacids. A bland diet of liquids and easily digested food should be followed for 2 or 3 days. Simply prepared solid foods in small quantities can then be added.
atrophic gastritis chronic gastritis with atrophy of the mucous membranes and glands.
chronic gastritis gastritis that occurs repeatedly or continues over a period of time. Although pain, especially after eating, and symptoms associated with indigestion may occur in chronic gastritis, most patients are asymptomatic; however, the condition may lead to hemorrhage and ulcer formation. Among its possible causes are Helicobacter pylori, vitamin deficiencies, abnormalities of the gastric juice, ulcers, hiatus hernia, excessive use of alcohol, or a combination of any of these.

Chronic gastritis is treated with a bland diet; food should be taken frequently and in small amounts. Antacids or anticholinergics may also be used in moderation to minimize stomach acidity. If bleeding is a problem that cannot be controlled by conservative measures, partial gastrectomy, pyloroplasty, vagotomy, or total gastrectomy may be indicated.
giant hypertrophic gastritis Ménétrier's disease.
toxic gastritis gastritis resulting from ingestion of a corrosive substance such as a strong acid or poison. There is an acute burning sensation and cramping stomach pain, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting; the vomit may be bloody. The victim may collapse. This condition is an emergency and immediate measures must be taken to prevent serious damage to the tissues of the stomach. First aid measures are begun at once to flush out and neutralize the poison.

chronic gastritis

A condition characterised by chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa, which can be subdivided based on:
• Aetiology—e.g., Helicobacter pylori, bile reflux, NSAIDs, autoimmunity, allergic response, parasites (trongyloides spp, schistosomiasis, Diphyllobothrium latum); and
• Histopathological pattern.

Together, a diagnosis can be established (e.g., H pylori-associated multifocal atrophic gastritis) which guides management.
References in periodicals archive ?
pylori suffered from chronic gastritis and in another study in Saudi Arabia, this rate was 60 percent [7, 8].
As noted, H pylori is associated with the active chronic gastritis that initiates the chain of events, although it is no longer present once intestinal metaplasia of the gastric mucosa occurs, compromising acid production and bringing the pH of gastric juice close to neutrality.[20]
pylori as an important etiologic factor in gastric carcinoma through its role in the development of chronic gastritis. (17,18,19) H.pylori is associated with intestinal type of gastric carcinoma.
Between January 2001 and September 2009, 449 patients (37 patients with chronic gastritis, 101 had duodenal ulcer, 140 with gastric ulcer, and 171 with gastric carcinoma) were enrolled in this study underwent endoscopic examination and H.
Chronic gastritis represents the most frequent gastropathy depending on the intensity and persistence of bacterium (3).
It is known that Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and stomach cancers.
The study found evidence in the canal water samples of pathogens commonly responsible for waterborne diseases which could lead to people directly or indirectly exposed to these wastewaters suffering from acute diarrhea, chronic gastritis, and gastroenteritis.
Helicobacter pylori associated chronic gastritis, clinical syndromes, precancerous lesions, and pathogenesis of gastric cancer development.
pylori remain asymptomatic for life however it may lead to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and mucosal ulcers, lymphoma and gastric carcinoma.
Due to microcytic anemia, gastroscopy and colonoscopy were performed to reveal chronic gastritis. Colonoscopy findings were normal.
Helicobacter are bacteria found in the intestine and liver and are associated with peptic ulcers, chronic gastritis, duodenitis and stomach cancer.

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