chronic exposure


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chronic exposure

Repeated exposure to a toxic agent or radiation over an extended period of time.
See also: exposure
References in periodicals archive ?
'Individuals with chronic exposure to arsenic are at higher risk of death at younger age because arsenic is such a toxic agent that affects all systems of human body," said Dr Muhammad Yunus, emeritus scientist and senior author of the study.
For chronic exposure, separate logistic regression models were used to determine the odds of stillbirth associated with relative cold or hot exposure in comparison with mild exposure during the preconception period, first trimester, second trimester, and the whole pregnancy for the entire cohort.
Conservationists have raised concerns that chronic exposure to neonicotinoids is weakening honeybee colonies.
Outgoing Health Secretary Janette Garin reported that over a hundred people from Central Luzon had been diagnosed to be afflicted with arsenicosis due to chronic exposure to elevated levels of arsenic.
Chronic exposure to arsenic causes cancers in liver, kidney, bladder and skin and also heart diseases.
"The levels may be low in third-hand smoke residue but they are dangerous when you have chronic exposure."
Chronic exposure to n-hexane is one of the better known causes of peripheral neuropathy.
In fact, several studies indicate that chronic exposure that does not produce sunburn may protect against MM, according to Jorg Reichrath and Sandra Reichrath.
This volume compiles and reviews current information on arsenic from such perspectives as the paragenesis and crystal chemistry of arsenic minerals, speciation and sorption in natural environments, thermodynamic properties for arsenic minerals and aqueous species, microbial arsenic metabolism and reaction energetics, health risks associated with chronic exposure to arsenic in the environment, managing arsenic in the mining industry, case studies of mines in Canada and California, and the hydrogeochemistry of the Tsumeb Deposit and its implications for arsenate mineral stability.
Arsenic is one of 10 chemicals the World Health Organization lists as a major public health concern, with millions of people at risk of chronic exposure in developing countries.
Our data were shown that acute and chronic exposure to ethanol in embryonic stages significantly (P<0.05) increses plasma concentration of total cholesterol in newborn hatching chick; also plasma concentration of total cholesterol was significantly higher in acute than chronic groups (figure 1).
Acute and chronic exposure occurs through spillage and environmental contamination of clothing.

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