chronic effect

chronic effect

A consequence (of a toxic agent or of radiation) that develops slowly and/or has a long lasting course.
References in periodicals archive ?
Children were excluded for such reasons as the use of ipratropium within 6 hours before the visit to the emergency department; having a disease known to have a chronic effect on lung function (eg, cystic fibrosis); any possible presence of an intrathoracic foreign body; a contraindication to the use of a beta-agonist; or the need for immediate resuscitation or airway intervention.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the chronic effect of water aerobics with BFR on BC among middle-aged women.
2015) and with ischemic heart disease mortality (hazard ratio = 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08, 1.31) in a study assessing the chronic effect of particles in more than 100,000 women (Ostro et al.
The chronic effect of dietary fructose intake on glycation and collagen cross-linking in rats.
The explanation suggested in the results of research led by David Williams, an assistant professor of community health at Brown University, is that while exercise does help improve the mood of smokers and curtail their cravings, the effect is short-lived.What we found is that although there is no chronic effect of exercise on cigarette cravings and affective withdrawal symptoms, there is an acute effect that diminishes over a period of several hours to 1-2 days, but can be renewed with each bout of exercise," said Williams, first author of the study.
It has been reportedly said that people have moved to Vape Cartridge Pen with a view to drop smoking habit as it has shown to have chronic effect on the health of general public.
Whether improvement in insulin sensitivity after exercise is a chronic effect of long-term exercise or an immediate residual effect is still uncertain.[34] Besides, evidence so far indicates that the effects of exercise on improvement of insulin sensitivity last only several days.[13],[35] And, delaying the OGTT may underestimate the effect of regular exercise on insulin function.[31],[36] Therefore, in this study, the OGTT was performed within 24 h after each 4 weeks of training.
This study investigated the chronic effect of RT with local mechanical vibration on the hypertrophy of the elbow flexors.
To determine the chronic effect of HB[O.sub.2] on endurance performance (V[O.sub.2]max and PPO), each participant completed an incremental maximum cycle ergometer (Ergomedic 828E Monark, Sweden) test previously described [22] under normobaric normoxic conditions, 72 hours before and after the three-week training period.
Therefore, CTRs chronic effect on TpTe might play an important role in ventricular arrhythmias.
Notably, this analysis includes all areas in New England and all Medicare enrollees [greater than or equal to] 65 years of age in this region, and it provides chronic effect estimates that are independent of acute effects.
Other authors also described the chronic effect of cypermethrin in the CNS; this was shown in rats exposed to 1/10 and 1/20 of the LD50, where the animals had a significant decrease of the GFAP protein present in astrocytes at days 2 and 21 after exposure, the reduction being more pronounced in day 21 (Malkiewicz et al., 2006).

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