Adenoviral conjunctivitis can manifest clinically as acute follicular conjunctivitis, pharyngoconjunctival fever, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), or chronic conjunctivitis
. EKC caused by adenovirus serotypes 8, 19, and 37 occurs in epidemics, particularly in the summer months, presents with keratitis in 80% of cases, and shows the most severe clinical course.
CIN may mimic diffuse chronic conjunctivitis
with mild thickening.
This syndrome is basically triggered by the forces such as prolonged exposure to digital displays, chronic conjunctivitis
, poor eyelid, scars of eye injury, regular air travels, poor diet, malnutrition, the rise in the level of pollution, dry weather spells, and severe climatic changes.
Pathological findings may include lateral and medial canthal tendon laxity, lower retractor laxity, dry eye syndrome, chronic blepharitis, and chronic conjunctivitis
Our patient was also previously diagnosed and treated as a case of chronic conjunctivitis
prior to his presentation at our hospital.
Based upon our own clinical experience with chronic conjunctivitis
in cats and for the purpose of the study, sick animals comply with criteria such as manifestation of conjunctivitis (ocular discharge, chemosis, and conjunctival edema) lasting about six months and insufficient response to the standard ophthalmological treatment (history of the treatment with ophthalmic ointments and eye drops).
can cause discharge and swollen eyelids.
Some long-term clinical manifestations of inflammation, as conjunctival hyperemia, edema, and insignificant infiltration, are shared by both DED and chronic conjunctivitis
. Between DED and chronic conjunctivitis
, any significant diagnostic distinctions that can be revealed without special examination techniques are absent.
In fact, recurrent or chronic conjunctivitis
in cats is often the result of herpes viral infections which, just as in humans, can return - again and again.
What seems a normal discomfort may be chronic conjunctivitis
, which can even make you blind.
Keratitis, chronic conjunctivitis
, and all sorts of eye irritations typically respond favorably to acupuncture, and cataracts or even blindness may respond."
. This can cause corneal ulcers and cloudiness in the eye.