chronic compartment syndrome

anterior compartment syndrome

A condition that typically arises in the anterior compartment of the lower leg, characterised by cramping, pain and tightness, often with numbness and tingling in the foot.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

chronic compartment syndrome

An increase in intracompartmental pressure that may occur during exercise or other forms of exertional activity. The increased intracompartmental pressure decreases blood flow to the distal extremity and impairs nerve function.

Etiology

Individuals who have herniated muscles that occlude the neurovascular network, unyielding fascia in a closed compartment, or excessive hypertrophy of muscles during exercise are predisposed to chronic compartment syndrome.

Symptoms

The patient will complain of pain, numbness, and weakness in the involved extremity during exercise. Inspection may also reveal cyanosis and swelling in the distal portion of the involved limb. Symptoms may subside following activity or may lead to muscle necrosis, requiring fasciotomy.

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The Intra-Compartmental Pressure Monitor, also known as the STIC Monitor is considered the gold standard worldwide for diagnosing and managing acute and chronic compartment syndrome. This condition is associated with severe injuries arising from auto accidents, active sports, workplace occurrences, and battlefield injuries to name a few.
Chronic compartment syndrome is a relative medical nonemergency and mostly common in athletes with repetitive motions [9].
Heath, "Chronic compartment syndrome, an important cause of work-related upper limb disorder," Rheumatology, vol.
The aetiology for chronic compartment syndrome relates to a limiting non-compliant fascia surrounding an affected muscle compartment.
The subcutaneous technique, used in chronic compartment syndrome, appears to be insufficient in ACS (21).
Other clinical conditions include chronic compartment syndrome, tendinitis, muscle distension and/or tear, occlusion of popliteal artery and radiculopathy [21].
Also rule out chronic compartment syndrome, which causes a dull achy pain--typically over the anteriolateral lower leg.
The pain and swelling of chronic compartment syndrome, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, is most often caused by athletic exertion.
(1985) Chronic compartment syndrome: diagnosis, management and outcomes.
QUEBEC CITY -- Intracompartmental pressure testing is the only way to definitively diagnose chronic compartment syndrome, but the test is useless without first exercising the affected muscle, said Dr.
When our younger daughter Jessica had surgery for chronic compartment syndrome, it was a nurse anesthesist who spent time calming both patient and parents.

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