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The Stiles-Crawford Effect plays an important role in the effect of pupil size on chromostereopsis. (5) It is well known that different coloured objects at the same viewing distance can appear to be positioned at different distances.
A Dutch study by Vos (10) first suggested the role of the Stiles-Crawford Effect in colour stereopsis, suggesting that the shifts in chromostereopsis with pupil size are due to decentration of the peak of the Stiles-Crawford Effect with respect to the pupil, as confirmed by Ye et al.
Because of a phenomenon called "chromostereopsis" (sometimes called the "false stereo effect"), lines or objects constructed of shorter wavelengths (for example, blue, violet) appear to be more distant than longer (for example, red, orange) wavelengths of light, and vice versa (Thorell and Smith 1990).