chromoplast

(redirected from chromoplasts)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

chro·mo·plast

(krō'mō-plast),
A plastid filled with carotenoid pigments.

chromoplast

(krō′mə-plăst′)
n.
A plastid that contains pigments other than chlorophyll, usually yellow or orange carotenoids.

chromoplast

see CHROMATOPHORE (1).
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Chromoplasts may begin as chloroplasts but lose chlorophyll and accumulate carotenoids to become chromoplasts during fruit ripening and other processes.
Molecular oxygen and the state of geometric isomerism of intermediates are essential in the carotene desaturation and cyclization reactions in daffodil chromoplasts. Eur.
Later on, from pollen mitosis, chloroplasts further develop into chromoplasts by accumulating plastoglobules in the stroma (F ig.
[6] and Toor and Savage [7], lycopene is also responsible for the reddening of the tomato, due to the differentiation of the chloroplasts and chromoplasts, so this carotenoids is very important with regard to the final nutritional and marketable quality of this plant product [8].
The production of the normal red colour of ripe fruit is due to the destruction of chlorophyll and the extensive accumulation of the carotenoids (lycopene and [beta]-carotene) while the chloroplasts are transformed into chromoplasts [4].
plastids: Any of several pigmented cytoplasmic organelles including chloroplasts, chromoplasts, and leucoplasts.
In the fruits and vegetables in which it is found, lycopene is naturally packaged in tiny structures called chromoplasts.