chromaffin cell


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Related to chromaffin cell: adrenal medulla

chro·maf·fin cell

a cell that stains with chromic salts; found in adrenal medulla and paraganglia of the sympathetic nervous system.

chro·maf·fin cell

(krō-maf'in sel)
A cell that stains with chromic salts in medulla of the suprarenal gland and paraganglia of the sympathetic nervous system.

chromaffin cell

A cell that produces, stores, and secretes catecholamines (dopamine and norepinephrine). Chromaffin cells are found in the medulla of the adrenal glands and in small clusters in the sympathetic ganglia.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
SCG10 is expressed also in mature chromaffin cells and PC12 cells at low level and is inducible by NGF |20, 27~.
Because more than 90% of plasma metanephrine and about 27% of circulating normetanephrine are produced from their catecholamine precursors within chromaffin cells and independently of exocytotic catecholamine release (Fig.
Phospholipase D in calcium-regulated exocytosis: lessons from chromaffin cells. Biochim.
Bladder PGL is a rare catecholamine secreting neoplasm arising from chromaffin cells of the sympathetic nervous system within the bladder wall.
Pheochromocytoma, known as the "great masquerader," is a neoplasm of neuroectodermal chromaffin cells which produces excess catecholamines.
Voets, "Dissection of three [Ca.sup.2+]-dependent steps leading to secretion in chromaffin cells from mouse adrenal slices," Neuron, vol.
The most studied chromogranin is CgA, which was first isolated from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla as a single polypeptide chain of 439 amino acids and 10 dibasic cleavage sites.
Molecular cloning of endopin 1, a novel serpin localized to neurosecretory vesicles of chromaffin cells. Inhibition of Basic Residue-Cleaving Proteases by Endopin 1.
Bogyo et al., "Inhibition of cathepsin B reduces beta-amyloid production in regulated secretory vesicles of neuronal chromaffin cells: evidence for cathepsin B as a candidate beta-secretase of Alzheimer's disease," Biological Chemistry, vol.
During chronic hypoxia, the activation of BDNF-TrkB signaling pathway increases the voltage-dependent [Ca.sup.2+] influx and catecholamine secretion in chromaffin cells [114].