Axial joint, including costochondral and chondrosternal
joints, involvement and sacroiliitis is rare in sarcoidosis (3, 4, 8).
Lesions may be present in a small portion of 1 or both lungs, but the total extent of the lesions should not exceed the volume of lung on 1 side, which is present above the second chondrosternal
junction (or apex of 1 lung).
They may involve a small part of one or both lungs, but the total extent regardless of distribution should not exceed the volume of lungs, but the total extent regardless of distribution should not exceed the volume of lungs on one side which is present above the second chondrosternal
junction and the spine of the fourth or the body of the fifth thoracic vertebra.
Costochondritis is a poorly understood, self-limiting (2) condition that is more common in women, (3) and generally presents as pain and tenderness on the costochondral or chondrosternal
joints without swelling.
Similar to a previous case study regarding costochondritis, (4) the goal was to "re-establish normal pre-injury distribution of mechanical loads through the targeted spinal articular structures in this case, and to ameliorate irritation to associated costocartilage, costochondral, and chondrosternal