cholinergic


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cholinergic

 [ko″lin-er´jik]
1. activated or transmitted by acetylcholine; see also cholinergic fibers and cholinergic receptors.
2. an agent that resembles acetylcholine or simulates its action. Called also parasympathomimetic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cho·lin·er·gic

(kōl'in-er'jik),
Relating to nerve cells or fibers that use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter. Compare: adrenergic.
[choline + G. ergon, work]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cholinergic

(kō′lə-nûr′jĭk)
adj.
1. Activated by or capable of liberating acetylcholine, especially in the parasympathetic nervous system.
2. Having physiological effects similar to those of acetylcholine: a cholinergic agent or drug.

cho′li·ner′gi·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cholinergic

Pharmacology adjective Referring to a parasympathomimetic effect, specifically on cholinergic receptors, evoking acetylcholine release noun A chemical or drug–eg, bethanechol, that stimulates acetylcholine release from parasympathetic nerve endings. See Parasympathetic nervous system. See Cholinergic crisis. Cf Adrenergic.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cho·lin·er·gic

(kōli-nĕrjik)
Relating to nerve cells or fibers that employ acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter.
Compare: adrenergic
[choline + G. ergon, work]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cholinergic

1. Pertaining to nerves that release ACETYLCHOLINE at their endings, including the nerves to the voluntary muscles and all the PARASYMPATHETIC nerves.
2. Having effects similar to those of acetylcholine.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

cholinergic

(of nerve fibres) secreting ACETYLCHOLINE as a TRANSMITTER SUBSTANCE; in vertebrates these include motor fibres to STRIATED MUSCLE, parasympathetic fibres to INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE and fibres to sympathetic ganglia from the central nervous system. Compare ADRENERGIC.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Cholinergic

Nerves that are stimulated by acetylcholine.
Mentioned in: Cholinergic Drugs
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cholinergic 

Relates to neurons or nerve fibres in which acetylcholine (ACh) is the neurotransmitter, or have actions similar to those caused by ACh. Cholinergic receptors are of two types: nicotinic receptors, which are situated in striated muscles (e.g. the extraocular muscles) and muscarinic receptors, which are situated in parasympathetically innervated structures (e.g. the iris and ciliary body). See acetylcholine; nicotine; parasympathomimetic drug.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

cho·lin·er·gic

(kōli-nĕrjik)
1. Relating to nerve cells or fibers that use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter.
2. Drug or chemical with physiologic effects similar to those of acetylcholine.
[choline + G. ergon, work]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
"The cholinergic system broadcasts to the brain, 'this thing is really important to be vigilant to'," said Williams.
New pharmacological approaches to the cholinergic system: an overview on muscarinic receptor ligands and cholinesterase inhibitors.
All the three never fiber markers, namely PGP 9.5, TH, and VIP, were found to surround the eccrine sweat glands, indicating human eccrine sweat glands are innervated by both sympathetic adrenergic and sympathetic cholinergic nerves, which are consistent with previous studies.[1],[3],[10] However, until now, it was unknown whether the two components of eccrine sweat glands are equally innervated by sympathetic nerve fibers.
Risk factors for Alzheimer's disease: Role of multiple antioxidants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and cholinergic agents alone or in combination in prevention and treatment.
Clinical studies have consistently shown great utility of this paradigm to study the brain's synaptic function and to probe subtle abnormalities of cognition; this was a motivation to demonstrate and differentiate these AEP components in the active oddball paradigm in rats and to evaluate the sensitivity to modulation of cholinergic neurotransmission.
Bartus, "On neurodegenerative disease, models, and treatment strategies: lessons learned and lessons forgotten a generation following the cholinergic hypothesis," Experimental Neurology, vol.
Despite these not fully examined issues, several alternative differentiation protocols to obtain dopaminergic (Figure 1) and cholinergic neurons from hPSCs (Figure 2) have been developed.
Moreover, cholinergic neurons in the CNS are involved in mediating reference (long-term) as well as working (short-term) memories of both humans and animals [22].
The most commonly observed characteristics of CCH pathology are neuroinflammation and cholinergic deficiency (Choi et al., 2011); however, the effects of GBE on inflammatory responses and cholinergic dysfunction in CCH remain unclear.
The case underscores the role of the muscarinic cholinergic system in regulating mood.
Further study of the relationship between antihypertensive drug actions and central cholinergic sympathetic activation in individuals with essential hypertension after moderate-intensity exercise performed in a hot environment will further our understanding of the physiological mechanisms underlying the results of this study.
This contracting agent is a synthetic choline ester that acts as a nonselective cholinergic agonist.